Population, Race and Ethnicity
Big Chimney is a Census-designated place in Kanawha County, West Virginia, with a population of 454. According to the most recent estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau, 100.00% of residents identify as white, 0.00% as Black or African American, 0.00% as American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.00% as Asian, 0.00% as Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 0.00% as Hispanic or Latino, and 0.00% as some other race or combination of races.
Nationally, some 61.1% of Americans identify as white, 12.3% as Black or African American, 0.7% as American Indian or Alaska Native, 5.4% as Asian, 0.2% as Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 17.8% as Hispanic or Latino, and 2.6% as some other race or combination of races.
Census respondents are also asked to report ancestry. Some of the most commonly reported ancestries in Big Chimney include German, American, English, Irish, and Italian. Measured by location quotient — comparing the Census-designated place share to the national share — some of the most highly concentrated ancestries in Census-designated place are Ukrainian, Scotch-Irish, and Greek.
The population of Big Chimney is older than the United States as a whole. The median age is 65.3 years, 27.4 years more than the national median age of 37.9 years. An estimated 52.20% of the population is 65 years and over, compared to 15.2% of the U.S. population.
Family and household composition
Family and household composition also varies heavily across the United States. In Big Chimney, 48.20% of households are occupied by married-couple families, compared to the 48.3% national figure. Some 4.40% of households are occupied by single male householders, 6.00% by single female householders, and 41.40% by non-family occupants. Nationwide, 4.9% of households are occupied by single male householders, 12.6% by single female householders, and 34.3% by non-family occupants. An estimated 94.00% of heads of household own their homes, compared to the national homeownership rate of 63.8%.
English is by far the most commonly spoken language in West Virginia and across the U.S. as a whole. Similarly, in Big Chimney, 100% of local residents aged 5 and up speak English exclusively, or, if they are multilingual, speak English very well. For context, 99.3% of the 5 and older population across West Virginia only speaks English, or speak it very well, and 91.5% of the same age group nationwide do.
Residents of Big Chimney are more likely than the typical American to be married. Of all local residents aged 15 and older, 58.4% are currently married, compared to 48.1% of Americans nationwide in the same age group. Across West Virginia as a whole, 50% of residents 15 and older are married.
Divorce is far more common in Big Chimney than it is across the U.S. as a whole. According to Census estimates, 18.6% of residents 15 and older are divorced — compared to 10.8% of the U.S. population in the same age group. In West Virginia, 13.3% of the 15 and older population is divorced.
An estimated 3.6% of Big Chimney residents 15 and older have never married, compared to one-third of all Americans in the same age group.
In Big Chimney, 14.8% of the 18 and older civilian population are veterans — compared to 7.5% of adult civilians nationwide and 9.2% of the civilian population in all of West Virginia.
In Big Chimney, adults are less likely to have a high school education than the typical American adult, and are less likely to have a four-year college education. Among Big Chimney residents 25 and older, 83.40% have a high school diploma or equivalent, and 27.50% have a bachelor's degree or higher, compared to 87.7% and 31.5% of adults nationwide, respectively. Across West Virginia, 86.5% of adults have graduated high school, and 20.3 have a bachelor’s degree.
The typical household in Big Chimney earns $50,568 a year, about $9,700 less than the national median of $60,293 and $5,600 more than the median household income across the state of $44,921.
Serious financial hardship is less common in Big Chimney than it is nationwide. The local poverty rate stands at 8.40%, while the national poverty rate is 14.1%. Across the state as a whole, 17.8% of the population lives below the poverty line.
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