Population, Race and Ethnicity
Catawba is a Census-designated place in York County, South Carolina, with a population of 1,151. According to the most recent estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau, 74.60% of residents identify as white, 13.10% as Black or African American, 0.00% as American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.00% as Asian, 0.00% as Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 3.20% as Hispanic or Latino, and 9.00% as some other race or combination of races.
Nationally, some 61.1% of Americans identify as white, 12.3% as Black or African American, 0.7% as American Indian or Alaska Native, 5.4% as Asian, 0.2% as Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 17.8% as Hispanic or Latino, and 2.6% as some other race or combination of races.
Census respondents are also asked to report ancestry. Some of the most commonly reported ancestries in Catawba include Irish, German, Scotch-Irish, American, and Italian. Measured by location quotient — comparing the Census-designated place share to the national share — some of the most highly concentrated ancestries in Census-designated place are Scotch-Irish, Greek, and Irish.
Native and foreign-born population
An estimated 95.10% of Catawba residents are native-born, meaning they were born in the United States, Puerto Rico, a U.S. Island Area, or abroad to a U.S. citizen. Of the 4.90% of the population that is foreign-born, 0.00% have become naturalized U.S. citizens. Nationwide, 86.5% of Americans are native-born. And of the 13.5% of Americans who are foreign-born, 48.5% have become naturalized U.S. citizens.
The population of Catawba is older than the United States as a whole. The median age is 48.4 years, 10.5 years more than the national median age of 37.9 years. An estimated 12.80% of the population is 65 years and over, compared to 15.2% of the U.S. population.
Family and household composition
Family and household composition also varies heavily across the United States. In Catawba, 23.70% of households are occupied by married-couple families, compared to the 48.3% national figure. Some 8.70% of households are occupied by single male householders, 17.30% by single female householders, and 50.30% by non-family occupants. Nationwide, 4.9% of households are occupied by single male householders, 12.6% by single female householders, and 34.3% by non-family occupants. An estimated 67.80% of heads of household own their homes, compared to the national homeownership rate of 63.8%.
English is by far the most commonly spoken language in South Carolina and across the U.S. as a whole. Similarly, in Catawba, 100% of local residents aged 5 and up speak English exclusively, or, if they are multilingual, speak English very well. For context, 97.3% of the 5 and older population across South Carolina only speaks English, or speak it very well, and 91.5% of the same age group nationwide do.
Residents of Catawba are less likely than the typical American to be married. Of all local residents aged 15 and older, 34.3% are currently married, compared to 48.1% of Americans nationwide in the same age group. Across South Carolina as a whole, 47.3% of residents 15 and older are married.
Divorce is far more common in Catawba than it is across the U.S. as a whole. According to Census estimates, 24.1% of residents 15 and older are divorced — compared to 10.8% of the U.S. population in the same age group. In South Carolina, 10.8% of the 15 and older population is divorced.
An estimated 32.1% of Catawba residents 15 and older have never married, compared to one-third of all Americans in the same age group.
In Catawba, 9.6% of the 18 and older civilian population are veterans — compared to 7.5% of adult civilians nationwide and 9.6% of the civilian population in all of South Carolina.
In Catawba, adults are less likely to have a high school education than the typical American adult, and are less likely to have a four-year college education. Among Catawba residents 25 and older, 78.60% have a high school diploma or equivalent, and 11.10% have a bachelor's degree or higher, compared to 87.7% and 31.5% of adults nationwide, respectively. Across South Carolina, 87.1% of adults have graduated high school, and 27.4 have a bachelor’s degree.
The typical household in Catawba earns $28,815 a year, about $31,500 less than the national median of $60,293 and $22,200 less than the median household income across the state of $51,015.
Serious financial hardship is more common in Catawba than it is nationwide. The local poverty rate stands at 45.40%, while the national poverty rate is 14.1%. Across the state as a whole, 16% of the population lives below the poverty line.
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