Population, Race and Ethnicity
Dawson is a city in Terrell County, Georgia, with a population of 4,222. According to the most recent estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau, 15.80% of residents identify as white, 78.50% as Black or African American, 0.00% as American Indian or Alaska Native, 4.60% as Asian, 0.00% as Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 0.00% as Hispanic or Latino, and 1.10% as some other race or combination of races.
Nationally, some 61.1% of Americans identify as white, 12.3% as Black or African American, 0.7% as American Indian or Alaska Native, 5.4% as Asian, 0.2% as Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 17.8% as Hispanic or Latino, and 2.6% as some other race or combination of races.
Census respondents are also asked to report ancestry. Some of the most commonly reported ancestries in Dawson include American, English, Scotch-Irish, German, and Irish. Measured by location quotient — comparing the city share to the national share — some of the most highly concentrated ancestries in city are Scotch-Irish, American, and Ukrainian.
Native and foreign-born population
An estimated 96.80% of Dawson residents are native-born, meaning they were born in the United States, Puerto Rico, a U.S. Island Area, or abroad to a U.S. citizen. Of the 3.20% of the population that is foreign-born, 4.50% have become naturalized U.S. citizens. Nationwide, 86.5% of Americans are native-born. And of the 13.5% of Americans who are foreign-born, 48.5% have become naturalized U.S. citizens.
The population of Dawson is younger than the United States as a whole. The median age is 34.6 years, 3.3 years less than the national median age of 37.9 years. An estimated 13.50% of the population is 65 years and over, compared to 15.2% of the U.S. population.
Family and household composition
Family and household composition also varies heavily across the United States. In Dawson, 32.00% of households are occupied by married-couple families, compared to the 48.3% national figure. Some 5.80% of households are occupied by single male householders, 34.10% by single female householders, and 28.10% by non-family occupants. Nationwide, 4.9% of households are occupied by single male householders, 12.6% by single female householders, and 34.3% by non-family occupants. An estimated 38.80% of heads of household own their homes, compared to the national homeownership rate of 63.8%.
English is by far the most commonly spoken language in Georgia and across the U.S. as a whole. Similarly, in Dawson, 100% of local residents aged 5 and up speak English exclusively, or, if they are multilingual, speak English very well. For context, 94.5% of the 5 and older population across Georgia only speaks English, or speak it very well, and 91.5% of the same age group nationwide do.
Residents of Dawson are less likely than the typical American to be married. Of all local residents aged 15 and older, 30.8% are currently married, compared to 48.1% of Americans nationwide in the same age group. Across Georgia as a whole, 46.9% of residents 15 and older are married.
Divorce is slightly more common in Dawson than it is across the U.S. as a whole. According to Census estimates, 11.6% of residents 15 and older are divorced — compared to 10.8% of the U.S. population in the same age group. In Georgia, 11.2% of the 15 and older population is divorced.
An estimated 44.3% of Dawson residents 15 and older have never married, compared to one-third of all Americans in the same age group.
In Dawson, 6.9% of the 18 and older civilian population are veterans — compared to 7.5% of adult civilians nationwide and 8.2% of the civilian population in all of Georgia.
In Dawson, adults are less likely to have a high school education than the typical American adult, and are less likely to have a four-year college education. Among Dawson residents 25 and older, 74.90% have a high school diploma or equivalent, and 11.70% have a bachelor's degree or higher, compared to 87.7% and 31.5% of adults nationwide, respectively. Across Georgia, 86.7% of adults have graduated high school, and 30.7 have a bachelor’s degree.
The typical household in Dawson earns $30,648 a year, about $29,600 less than the national median of $60,293 and $25,000 less than the median household income across the state of $55,679.
Serious financial hardship is more common in Dawson than it is nationwide. The local poverty rate stands at 41.50%, while the national poverty rate is 14.1%. Across the state as a whole, 16% of the population lives below the poverty line.
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