Population, Race and Ethnicity
Eureka Springs is a city in Carroll County, Arkansas, with a population of 2,011. According to the most recent estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau, 88.40% of residents identify as white, 1.00% as Black or African American, 1.90% as American Indian or Alaska Native, 2.20% as Asian, 0.00% as Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 4.30% as Hispanic or Latino, and 2.10% as some other race or combination of races.
Nationally, some 61.1% of Americans identify as white, 12.3% as Black or African American, 0.7% as American Indian or Alaska Native, 5.4% as Asian, 0.2% as Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 17.8% as Hispanic or Latino, and 2.6% as some other race or combination of races.
Census respondents are also asked to report ancestry. Some of the most commonly reported ancestries in Eureka Springs include German, Irish, English, Scotch-Irish, and French. Measured by location quotient — comparing the city share to the national share — some of the most highly concentrated ancestries in city are German Russian, Croatian, and Dutch West Indian.
Native and foreign-born population
An estimated 92.80% of Eureka Springs residents are native-born, meaning they were born in the United States, Puerto Rico, a U.S. Island Area, or abroad to a U.S. citizen. Of the 7.20% of the population that is foreign-born, 16.00% have become naturalized U.S. citizens. Nationwide, 86.5% of Americans are native-born. And of the 13.5% of Americans who are foreign-born, 48.5% have become naturalized U.S. citizens.
The population of Eureka Springs is older than the United States as a whole. The median age is 57 years, 19.1 years more than the national median age of 37.9 years. An estimated 27.70% of the population is 65 years and over, compared to 15.2% of the U.S. population.
Family and household composition
Family and household composition also varies heavily across the United States. In Eureka Springs, 38.30% of households are occupied by married-couple families, compared to the 48.3% national figure. Some 1.30% of households are occupied by single male householders, 8.60% by single female householders, and 51.70% by non-family occupants. Nationwide, 4.9% of households are occupied by single male householders, 12.6% by single female householders, and 34.3% by non-family occupants. An estimated 62.70% of heads of household own their homes, compared to the national homeownership rate of 63.8%.
English is by far the most commonly spoken language in Arkansas and across the U.S. as a whole. Similarly, in Eureka Springs, 96.4% of local residents aged 5 and up speak English exclusively, or, if they are multilingual, speak English very well. For context, 96.7% of the 5 and older population across Arkansas only speaks English, or speak it very well, and 91.5% of the same age group nationwide do.
Residents of Eureka Springs are less likely than the typical American to be married. Of all local residents aged 15 and older, 44.5% are currently married, compared to 48.1% of Americans nationwide in the same age group. Across Arkansas as a whole, 49.8% of residents 15 and older are married.
Divorce is far more common in Eureka Springs than it is across the U.S. as a whole. According to Census estimates, 22.4% of residents 15 and older are divorced — compared to 10.8% of the U.S. population in the same age group. In Arkansas, 13% of the 15 and older population is divorced.
An estimated 23.7% of Eureka Springs residents 15 and older have never married, compared to one-third of all Americans in the same age group.
In Eureka Springs, 13.2% of the 18 and older civilian population are veterans — compared to 7.5% of adult civilians nationwide and 8.9% of the civilian population in all of Arkansas.
In Eureka Springs, adults are more likely to have a high school education than the typical American adult, and are also more likely to have a four-year college education. Among Eureka Springs residents 25 and older, 89.20% have a high school diploma or equivalent, and 34.50% have a bachelor's degree or higher, compared to 87.7% and 31.5% of adults nationwide, respectively. Across Arkansas, 86.2% of adults have graduated high school, and 22.6 have a bachelor’s degree.
The typical household in Eureka Springs earns $32,308 a year, about $28,000 less than the national median of $60,293 and $13,400 less than the median household income across the state of $45,726.
Serious financial hardship is more common in Eureka Springs than it is nationwide. The local poverty rate stands at 21.40%, while the national poverty rate is 14.1%. Across the state as a whole, 17.6% of the population lives below the poverty line.
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