Population, Race and Ethnicity
Gilliam is a village in Caddo Parish, Louisiana, with a population of 115. According to the most recent estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau, 72.20% of residents identify as white, 26.10% as Black or African American, 0.00% as American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.00% as Asian, 0.00% as Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 1.70% as Hispanic or Latino, and 0.00% as some other race or combination of races.
Nationally, some 61.1% of Americans identify as white, 12.3% as Black or African American, 0.7% as American Indian or Alaska Native, 5.4% as Asian, 0.2% as Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 17.8% as Hispanic or Latino, and 2.6% as some other race or combination of races.
Census respondents are also asked to report ancestry. Some of the most commonly reported ancestries in Gilliam include American, Cajun, Scotch-Irish, Danish, and English. Measured by location quotient — comparing the village share to the national share — some of the most highly concentrated ancestries in village are Cajun, Danish, and Scotch-Irish.
The population of Gilliam is older than the United States as a whole. The median age is 50.5 years, 12.6 years more than the national median age of 37.9 years. An estimated 41.70% of the population is 65 years and over, compared to 15.2% of the U.S. population.
Family and household composition
Family and household composition also varies heavily across the United States. In Gilliam, 58.70% of households are occupied by married-couple families, compared to the 48.3% national figure. Some 17.40% of households are occupied by single male householders, 4.30% by single female householders, and 19.60% by non-family occupants. Nationwide, 4.9% of households are occupied by single male householders, 12.6% by single female householders, and 34.3% by non-family occupants. An estimated 95.70% of heads of household own their homes, compared to the national homeownership rate of 63.8%.
English is by far the most commonly spoken language in Louisiana and across the U.S. as a whole. Similarly, in Gilliam, 100% of local residents aged 5 and up speak English exclusively, or, if they are multilingual, speak English very well. For context, 97.1% of the 5 and older population across Louisiana only speaks English, or speak it very well, and 91.5% of the same age group nationwide do.
Residents of Gilliam are more likely than the typical American to be married. Of all local residents aged 15 and older, 54.7% are currently married, compared to 48.1% of Americans nationwide in the same age group. Across Louisiana as a whole, 43.5% of residents 15 and older are married.
Divorce is far less common in Gilliam than it is across the U.S. as a whole. According to Census estimates, 3.8% of residents 15 and older are divorced — compared to 10.8% of the U.S. population in the same age group. In Louisiana, 11.8% of the 15 and older population is divorced.
An estimated 27.4% of Gilliam residents 15 and older have never married, compared to one-third of all Americans in the same age group.
In Gilliam, 7.8% of the 18 and older civilian population are veterans — compared to 7.5% of adult civilians nationwide and 7.1% of the civilian population in all of Louisiana.
In Gilliam, adults are less likely to have a high school education than the typical American adult, and are less likely to have a four-year college education. Among Gilliam residents 25 and older, 79.60% have a high school diploma or equivalent, and 29.00% have a bachelor's degree or higher, compared to 87.7% and 31.5% of adults nationwide, respectively. Across Louisiana, 84.8% of adults have graduated high school, and 23.7 have a bachelor’s degree.
The typical household in Gilliam earns $54,583 a year, about $5,700 less than the national median of $60,293 and $6,600 more than the median household income across the state of $47,942.
Serious financial hardship is less common in Gilliam than it is nationwide. The local poverty rate stands at 13.00%, while the national poverty rate is 14.1%. Across the state as a whole, 19.4% of the population lives below the poverty line.
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