Population, Race and Ethnicity
Havana is a city in Yell County, Arkansas, with a population of 526. According to the most recent estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau, 40.90% of residents identify as white, 1.10% as Black or African American, 0.00% as American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.00% as Asian, 0.00% as Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 57.20% as Hispanic or Latino, and 0.80% as some other race or combination of races.
Nationally, some 61.1% of Americans identify as white, 12.3% as Black or African American, 0.7% as American Indian or Alaska Native, 5.4% as Asian, 0.2% as Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 17.8% as Hispanic or Latino, and 2.6% as some other race or combination of races.
Census respondents are also asked to report ancestry. Some of the most commonly reported ancestries in Havana include Irish, German, Scotch-Irish, American, and Dutch. Measured by location quotient — comparing the city share to the national share — some of the most highly concentrated ancestries in city are Scotch-Irish, Dutch, and Irish.
Native and foreign-born population
An estimated 84.80% of Havana residents are native-born, meaning they were born in the United States, Puerto Rico, a U.S. Island Area, or abroad to a U.S. citizen. Of the 15.20% of the population that is foreign-born, 6.30% have become naturalized U.S. citizens. Nationwide, 86.5% of Americans are native-born. And of the 13.5% of Americans who are foreign-born, 48.5% have become naturalized U.S. citizens.
The population of Havana is younger than the United States as a whole. The median age is 17.6 years, 20.3 years less than the national median age of 37.9 years. An estimated 7.40% of the population is 65 years and over, compared to 15.2% of the U.S. population.
Family and household composition
Family and household composition also varies heavily across the United States. In Havana, 29.40% of households are occupied by married-couple families, compared to the 48.3% national figure. Some 2.20% of households are occupied by single male householders, 51.50% by single female householders, and 16.90% by non-family occupants. Nationwide, 4.9% of households are occupied by single male householders, 12.6% by single female householders, and 34.3% by non-family occupants. An estimated 80.10% of heads of household own their homes, compared to the national homeownership rate of 63.8%.
English is by far the most commonly spoken language in Arkansas and across the U.S. as a whole. Similarly, in Havana, 88.5% of local residents aged 5 and up speak English exclusively, or, if they are multilingual, speak English very well. For context, 96.7% of the 5 and older population across Arkansas only speaks English, or speak it very well, and 91.5% of the same age group nationwide do.
Residents of Havana are slightly more likely than the typical American to be married. Of all local residents aged 15 and older, 49% are currently married, compared to 48.1% of Americans nationwide in the same age group. Across Arkansas as a whole, 49.8% of residents 15 and older are married.
Divorce is far more common in Havana than it is across the U.S. as a whole. According to Census estimates, 16.4% of residents 15 and older are divorced — compared to 10.8% of the U.S. population in the same age group. In Arkansas, 13% of the 15 and older population is divorced.
An estimated 26.4% of Havana residents 15 and older have never married, compared to one-third of all Americans in the same age group.
In Havana, 3.2% of the 18 and older civilian population are veterans — compared to 7.5% of adult civilians nationwide and 8.9% of the civilian population in all of Arkansas.
In Havana, adults are less likely to have a high school education than the typical American adult, and are less likely to have a four-year college education. Among Havana residents 25 and older, 68.60% have a high school diploma or equivalent, and 8.50% have a bachelor's degree or higher, compared to 87.7% and 31.5% of adults nationwide, respectively. Across Arkansas, 86.2% of adults have graduated high school, and 22.6 have a bachelor’s degree.
The typical household in Havana earns $38,777 a year, about $21,500 less than the national median of $60,293 and $6,900 less than the median household income across the state of $45,726.
Serious financial hardship is about as common in Havana than it is nationwide. The local poverty rate stands at 14.30%, while the national poverty rate is 14.1%. Across the state as a whole, 17.6% of the population lives below the poverty line.
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