Population, Race and Ethnicity
San Luis is a town in Costilla County, Colorado, with a population of 741. According to the most recent estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau, 7.30% of residents identify as white, 0.00% as Black or African American, 0.00% as American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.00% as Asian, 0.00% as Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 92.70% as Hispanic or Latino, and 0.00% as some other race or combination of races.
Nationally, some 61.1% of Americans identify as white, 12.3% as Black or African American, 0.7% as American Indian or Alaska Native, 5.4% as Asian, 0.2% as Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 17.8% as Hispanic or Latino, and 2.6% as some other race or combination of races.
Native and foreign-born population
An estimated 98.70% of San Luis residents are native-born, meaning they were born in the United States, Puerto Rico, a U.S. Island Area, or abroad to a U.S. citizen. Of the 1.30% of the population that is foreign-born, 30.00% have become naturalized U.S. citizens. Nationwide, 86.5% of Americans are native-born. And of the 13.5% of Americans who are foreign-born, 48.5% have become naturalized U.S. citizens.
The population of San Luis is older than the United States as a whole. The median age is 47.6 years, 9.7 years more than the national median age of 37.9 years. An estimated 32.00% of the population is 65 years and over, compared to 15.2% of the U.S. population.
Family and household composition
Family and household composition also varies heavily across the United States. In San Luis, 24.20% of households are occupied by married-couple families, compared to the 48.3% national figure. Some 9.80% of households are occupied by single male householders, 24.20% by single female householders, and 41.90% by non-family occupants. Nationwide, 4.9% of households are occupied by single male householders, 12.6% by single female householders, and 34.3% by non-family occupants. An estimated 54.80% of heads of household own their homes, compared to the national homeownership rate of 63.8%.
English is by far the most commonly spoken language in Colorado and across the U.S. as a whole. Similarly, in San Luis, 78.4% of local residents aged 5 and up speak English exclusively, or, if they are multilingual, speak English very well. For context, 94.1% of the 5 and older population across Colorado only speaks English, or speak it very well, and 91.5% of the same age group nationwide do.
Residents of San Luis are less likely than the typical American to be married. Of all local residents aged 15 and older, 33.9% are currently married, compared to 48.1% of Americans nationwide in the same age group. Across Colorado as a whole, 50.4% of residents 15 and older are married.
Divorce is far more common in San Luis than it is across the U.S. as a whole. According to Census estimates, 19.4% of residents 15 and older are divorced — compared to 10.8% of the U.S. population in the same age group. In Colorado, 11.9% of the 15 and older population is divorced.
An estimated 25% of San Luis residents 15 and older have never married, compared to one-third of all Americans in the same age group.
In San Luis, 3% of the 18 and older civilian population are veterans — compared to 7.5% of adult civilians nationwide and 8.9% of the civilian population in all of Colorado.
In San Luis, adults are less likely to have a high school education than the typical American adult, and are less likely to have a four-year college education. Among San Luis residents 25 and older, 75.80% have a high school diploma or equivalent, and 16.00% have a bachelor's degree or higher, compared to 87.7% and 31.5% of adults nationwide, respectively. Across Colorado, 91.4% of adults have graduated high school, and 40.1 have a bachelor’s degree.
The typical household in San Luis earns $25,882 a year, about $34,400 less than the national median of $60,293 and $42,900 less than the median household income across the state of $68,811.
Serious financial hardship is more common in San Luis than it is nationwide. The local poverty rate stands at 35.10%, while the national poverty rate is 14.1%. Across the state as a whole, 10.9% of the population lives below the poverty line.
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