Population, Race and Ethnicity
Thoreau is a Census-designated place in McKinley County, New Mexico, with a population of 1,666. According to the most recent estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau, 6.40% of residents identify as white, 0.40% as Black or African American, 50.90% as American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.10% as Asian, 0.00% as Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 40.40% as Hispanic or Latino, and 1.90% as some other race or combination of races.
Nationally, some 61.1% of Americans identify as white, 12.3% as Black or African American, 0.7% as American Indian or Alaska Native, 5.4% as Asian, 0.2% as Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 17.8% as Hispanic or Latino, and 2.6% as some other race or combination of races.
Native and foreign-born population
An estimated 99.90% of Thoreau residents are native-born, meaning they were born in the United States, Puerto Rico, a U.S. Island Area, or abroad to a U.S. citizen. Of the 0.10% of the population that is foreign-born, 0.00% have become naturalized U.S. citizens. Nationwide, 86.5% of Americans are native-born. And of the 13.5% of Americans who are foreign-born, 48.5% have become naturalized U.S. citizens.
The population of Thoreau is younger than the United States as a whole. The median age is 29.4 years, 8.5 years less than the national median age of 37.9 years. An estimated 12.50% of the population is 65 years and over, compared to 15.2% of the U.S. population.
Family and household composition
Family and household composition also varies heavily across the United States. In Thoreau, 24.20% of households are occupied by married-couple families, compared to the 48.3% national figure. Some 4.60% of households are occupied by single male householders, 30.70% by single female householders, and 40.50% by non-family occupants. Nationwide, 4.9% of households are occupied by single male householders, 12.6% by single female householders, and 34.3% by non-family occupants. An estimated 66.00% of heads of household own their homes, compared to the national homeownership rate of 63.8%.
English is by far the most commonly spoken language in New Mexico and across the U.S. as a whole. Similarly, in Thoreau, 91.3% of local residents aged 5 and up speak English exclusively, or, if they are multilingual, speak English very well. For context, 91.1% of the 5 and older population across New Mexico only speaks English, or speak it very well, and 91.5% of the same age group nationwide do.
Residents of Thoreau are less likely than the typical American to be married. Of all local residents aged 15 and older, 27.1% are currently married, compared to 48.1% of Americans nationwide in the same age group. Across New Mexico as a whole, 44.8% of residents 15 and older are married.
Divorce is more common in Thoreau than it is across the U.S. as a whole. According to Census estimates, 12.1% of residents 15 and older are divorced — compared to 10.8% of the U.S. population in the same age group. In New Mexico, 13% of the 15 and older population is divorced.
An estimated 48.9% of Thoreau residents 15 and older have never married, compared to one-third of all Americans in the same age group.
In Thoreau, 5.5% of the 18 and older civilian population are veterans — compared to 7.5% of adult civilians nationwide and 9.3% of the civilian population in all of New Mexico.
In Thoreau, adults are less likely to have a high school education than the typical American adult, and are less likely to have a four-year college education. Among Thoreau residents 25 and older, 69.10% have a high school diploma or equivalent, and 4.60% have a bachelor's degree or higher, compared to 87.7% and 31.5% of adults nationwide, respectively. Across New Mexico, 85.3% of adults have graduated high school, and 27.1 have a bachelor’s degree.
The typical household in Thoreau earns $19,453 a year, about $40,800 less than the national median of $60,293 and $28,600 less than the median household income across the state of $48,059.
Serious financial hardship is more common in Thoreau than it is nationwide. The local poverty rate stands at 54.80%, while the national poverty rate is 14.1%. Across the state as a whole, 20% of the population lives below the poverty line.
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