Military

This Country Flies the Most MiG Fighter Jets, and It's Not Even Close

India+MiG | Mikoyan MiG-29 (Russian: Микоян МиГ-29; NATO reporting name: "Fulcrum") low level pass, Polish Air Force
my_public_domain_photos / Flickr

The Mikoyan-Gurevich (MiG) series stands as one of the most iconic fighter jets in the world. These were popular among Soviet bloc countries during the Cold War, but since the fall of the Soviet Union some nations still maintain sizable forces of these fighter jets. (These are the most widely-used fighter jets in the world.)

Here 24/7 Wall St. is taking a closer look into these countries that still fly MiGs. To identify the countries with the most MiG fighter jets, 24/7 Wall St. reviewed the 2024 World Air Forces report from FlightGlobal, an aviation and aerospace industry publication. We ranked these countries according to the number of MiGs currently in service. We included supplemental information from GlobalFirePower regarding each country’s current air force and overall military strength ranking. We excluded countries that are not in the process of ordering combat aircraft.

The MiG series was first developed in the early 1940s by Artem Mikoyan and Mikhail Gurevich. These were designed to fulfill a variety of roles including interception and ground attack. The MiG-15 debuted in 1947 and marked a significant breakthrough with its swept wings and armament. Later models like the MiG-17 and MiG-19 built on this technology, leading up to the MiG-21. This jet was renowned for its agility and speed, and is arguably the most produced supersonic jet aircraft ever.

As the Cold War intensified, the MiG-23 and MiG-25 were introduced. Developed in the 1970s, the MiG-29 was meant primarily to counter the U.S. F-16 and still remains in service across multiple air forces globally. (These are the world’s most iconic strike fighter aircraft since WWII.)

Today, despite the dissolution of the Soviet Union, MiG fighters are still found in air forces around the world. Russia possesses the largest fleet of MiG aircraft by far. But beyond Russia, several former Soviet states like Ukraine and Kazakhstan have sizable MiG fleets. Outside of the former Soviet bloc, countries like India and Egypt have built up fleets of these aircraft as well.

Here is a look at the countries with the most MiG fighter jets:

Why Are We Covering This?

Source: Laski Collection / Getty Images

MiG fighter jets have been an important component of military aviation for decades, primarily due to their blend of advanced technology, cost-effectiveness, and versatile capabilities. Originating in the Soviet era, MiGs were developed to challenge Western air superiority and offer a reliable, high-performance fighter jet option for the Soviet Union. Over time, their importance grew as they became a staple in numerous air forces around the world, particularly in developing nations that needed effective and affordable military equipment.

32. Democratic Republic of Congo

Source: Rob Schleiffert from Holland, CC BY-SA 2.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

  • Active MiG aircraft: 2
  • Variants: MiG-23
  • Total military aircraft: 46
  • Military strength score: 1.2491 – #73 out of 145

31. Mongolia

MiG-23+Flogger | MIG-23 Flogger
Source: ronmacphotos / Flickr

  • Active MiG aircraft: 2
  • Variants: MiG-29
  • Total military aircraft: 11
  • Military strength score: 2.1079 – #105 out of 145

30. Zimbabwe

Romania+military+aircraft | Pride of the sky
Source: sagesolar / Flickr

  • Active MiG aircraft: 3
  • Variants: MiG-23
  • Total military aircraft: 90
  • Military strength score: 2.0352 – #101 out of 145

29. Uganda

MiG-29K+Fulcrum-D | Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-29K ‘RF-92324 / 48 blue’
Source: ajw1970 / Flickr

  • Active MiG aircraft: 5
  • Variants: MiG-21
  • Total military aircraft: 55
  • Military strength score: 2.2405 – #114 out of 145

28. Bangladesh

  • Active MiG aircraft: 8
  • Variants: MiG-29
  • Total military aircraft: 216
  • Military strength score: 0.5419 – #37 out of 145

27. Mozambique

Source: Artem Katranzhi / Wikimedia Commons

  • Active MiG aircraft: 8
  • Variants: MiG-21
  • Total military aircraft: 21
  • Military strength score: 1.8377 – #92 out of 145

26. Peru

Source: Vitaly Kuzmin / Wikimedia Commons

  • Active MiG aircraft: 8
  • Variants: MiG-29
  • Total military aircraft: 258
  • Military strength score: 0.8475 – #53 out of 145

25. Ethiopia

Source: Milous / iStock via Getty Images

  • Active MiG aircraft: 9
  • Variants: MiG-23
  • Total military aircraft: 91
  • Military strength score: 0.7938 – #49 out of 145

24. Mali

Source: VanderWolf-Images / iStock Editorial via Getty Images

  • Active MiG aircraft: 9
  • Variants: MiG-21
  • Total military aircraft: 42
  • Military strength score: 2.1115 – #106 out of 145

23. Croatia

  • Active MiG aircraft: 11
  • Variants: MiG-21
  • Total military aircraft: 81
  • Military strength score: 1.1333 – #66 out of 145

22. Bulgaria

Source: Daniele Faccioli/Stocktrek Images / Stocktrek Images via Getty Images
  • Active MiG aircraft: 13
  • Variants: MiG-29
  • Total military aircraft: 65
  • Military strength score: 1.0132 – #62 out of 145

21. Serbia

Source: Jozsef Soos / iStock Editorial via Getty Images

  • Active MiG aircraft: 14
  • Variants: MiG-29
  • Total military aircraft: 112
  • Military strength score: 0.9038 – #56 out of 145

20. Azerbaijan

Source: ajw1970 / Flickr

  • Active MiG aircraft: 15
  • Variants: MiG-29
  • Total military aircraft: 144
  • Military strength score: 0.9934 – #59 out of 145

19. Libya

Source: Artyom_Anikeev / iStock Editorial via Getty Images

  • Active MiG aircraft: 18
  • Variants: MiG-21, MiG-23, MiG-25
  • Total military aircraft: 132
  • Military strength score: 1.4449 – #79 out of 145

18. Sudan

Source: powerline1 / iStock via Getty Images

  • Active MiG aircraft: 18
  • Variants: MiG-29
  • Total military aircraft: 170
  • Military strength score: 1.4119 – #76 out of 145

17. Iran

Source: Public Domain / Wikimedia Commons

  • Active MiG aircraft: 24
  • Variants: MiG-29
  • Total military aircraft: 551
  • Military strength score: 0.2269 – #14 out of 145

16. Turkmenistan

Source: VanderWolf-Images / iStock Editorial via Getty Images

  • Active MiG aircraft: 24
  • Variants: MiG-29
  • Total military aircraft: 90
  • Military strength score: 1.4906 – #83 out of 145

15. Poland

  • Active MiG aircraft: 29
  • Variants: MiG-29
  • Total military aircraft: 468
  • Military strength score: 0.2917 – #21 out of 145

14. Belarus

Source: vlsergey / Flickr

  • Active MiG aircraft: 33
  • Variants: MiG-29
  • Total military aircraft: 183
  • Military strength score: 1.0901 – #64 out of 145

13. Myanmar

MiG-27+Flogger | Mig-27 Flogger
Source: ronmacphotos / Flickr

  • Active MiG aircraft: 33
  • Variants: MiG-29
  • Total military aircraft: 293
  • Military strength score: 0.5251 – #35 out of 145

12. Uzbekistan

Source: clemensv / Flickr

  • Active MiG aircraft: 38
  • Variants: MiG-29
  • Total military aircraft: 191
  • Military strength score: 1.1069 – #65 out of 145

11. Algeria

Source: sdasmarchives / Flickr/https://www.flickr.com/commons/usage/

  • Active MiG aircraft: 40
  • Variants: MiG-29
  • Total military aircraft: 605
  • Military strength score: 0.3589 – #26 out of 145

10. Yemen

Source: sdasmarchives / Flickr

  • Active MiG aircraft: 42
  • Variants: MiG-29
  • Total military aircraft: 177
  • Military strength score: 1.4692 – #81 out of 145

9. Egypt

Source: levien66 / Flickr

  • Active MiG aircraft: 43
  • Variants: MiG-29
  • Total military aircraft: 1,080
  • Military strength score: 0.2283 – #15 out of 145

8. Angola

MiG-15 | MiG-15
Source: slezo / Flickr

  • Active MiG aircraft: 45
  • Variants: MiG-21, MiG-23
  • Total military aircraft: 297
  • Military strength score: 0.8702 – #55 out of 145

7. Cuba

MiG-19+Farmer | 0409 MIG 19 FARMER MARCH FIELD MUSEUM RIV AIRPORT
Source: airlines470 / Flickr

  • Active MiG aircraft: 46
  • Variants: MiG-21, MiG-23, MiG-29
  • Total military aircraft: 81
  • Military strength score: 1.1869 – #68 out of 145

6. Ukraine

MiG-5 | Mikoyan-Gurevich DIS MiG-5, Great Patriotic War Museum, Kiev
Source: andrewmilligansumo / Flickr

  • Active MiG aircraft: 55
  • Variants: MiG-29
  • Total military aircraft: 321
  • Military strength score: 0.2598 – #18 out of 145

5. Kazakhstan

Source: my_public_domain_photos / Flickr

  • Active MiG aircraft: 58
  • Variants: MiG-23, MiG-27, MiG-29, MiG-31
  • Total military aircraft: 243
  • Military strength score: 0.9495 – #58 out of 145

4. North Korea

Source: Public Domain / Wikimedia Commons

  • Active MiG aircraft: 121
  • Variants: MiG-15, MiG-21, MiG-23, MiG-29
  • Total military aircraft: 951
  • Military strength score: 0.5313 – #36 out of 145

3. Syria

Source: sndr / iStock Editorial via Getty Images

  • Active MiG aircraft: 168
  • Variants: MiG-25, MiG-29
  • Total military aircraft: 452
  • Military strength score: 1.0026 – #60 out of 145

2. India

Source: my_public_domain_photos / Flickr
  • Active MiG aircraft: 247
  • Variants: MiG-21
  • Total military aircraft: 2,296
  • Military strength score: 0.1023 – #4 out of 145

1. Russia

Source: my_public_domain_photos / Flickr
  • Active MiG aircraft: 403
  • Variants: MiG-29, MiG-31, MiG-35
  • Total military aircraft: 4,255
  • Military strength score: 0.0702 – #2 out of 145

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