Special Report

100 American Towns Founded Before the American Revolution

Source: James_Lane / iStock

31. New London, Connecticut
> Founded: 1646
> Population: 27,218

New London, founded by English settlers, was the Connecticut colony’s first official port.

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32. Andover, Massachusetts
> Founded: 1646
> Population: 9,194

English settlers from Andover, England settled in this part of Massachusetts. Andover is home to the prestigious prep school Phillips Academy.

Source: Mr.TinDC / Flickr

33. Kittery, Maine
> Founded: 1647
> Population: 4,704

Kittery is the first incorporated town in Maine.

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34. Marblehead, Massachusetts
> Founded: 1649
> Population: 20,363

The first non-Native American settlers were British subjects who came to present-day Marblehead from Salem to escape religious oppression from the Puritans.

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35. Annapolis, Maryland
> Founded: 1649
> Population: 39,009

Home to the U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis was settled by the Puritans and originally called Providence.

Source: Jack E. Boucher / Wikimedia Commons

36. New Castle, Delaware
> Founded: 1651
> Population: 5,372

New Castle was founded by the Dutch under Peter Stuyvesant. The original name of the town was Fort Casimir.

Source: Doug Kerr / Flickr

37. Chelmsford, Massachusetts
> Founded: 1655
> Population: 33,802

Chelmsford was founded by colonists from Concord and Woburn. It is located 24 miles north of Boston.

Source: T L Miles / Wikimedia Commons

38. Staten Island, New York
> Founded: 1661
> Population: 475,558

The Dutch established a colony there in 1661. Staten Island derives from the Dutch name, Staaten Eylandt. The English seized the area in 1664 and renamed the Island in honor of the Duke of Richmond.

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39. Stonington, Connecticut
> Founded: 1662
> Population: 973

Stonington was founded by Governor John Winthrop, Jr. who obtained a charter from England.

Source: Doug Kerr / Flickr

40. Elizabeth, New Jersey
> Founded: 1664
> Population: 128,042

English immigrants founded the settlement — originally called Elizabethtown — after buying the land from the Lenni Lenape Native Americans.

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