Special Report

100 American Towns Founded Before the American Revolution

31. New London, Connecticut
> Founded: 1646
> Population: 27,218

New London, founded by English settlers, was Connecticut colony’s first official port.

Source: HABesen / Getty Images

32. Andover, Massachusetts
> Founded: 1646
> Population: 9,194

English settlers from Andover, England, settled in this part of Massachusetts. Andover is home to the prestigious prep school Phillips Academy.

33. Kittery, Maine
> Founded: 1647
> Population: 4,704

Kittery is the first incorporated town in Maine.

34. Marblehead, Massachusetts
> Founded: 1649
> Population: 20,363

The first non-Native American settlers were British subjects who came to present-day Marblehead from Salem to escape religious oppression from the Puritans.

35. Annapolis, Maryland
> Founded: 1649
> Population: 39,009

Home to the U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis was settled by the Puritans and originally called Providence.

36. New Castle, Delaware
> Founded: 1651
> Population: 5,372

New Castle was founded by the Dutch under Peter Stuyvesant. The original name of the town was Fort Casimir.

37. Chelmsford, Massachusetts
> Founded: 1655
> Population: 33,802

Chelmsford was founded by colonists from Concord and Woburn. It is located 24 miles north of Boston.

Source: Roman Babakin / Getty Images

38. Staten Island, New York
> Founded: 1661
> Population: 475,558

The Dutch established a colony in Staten Island in 1661. Staten Island derives from the Dutch name, Staaten Eylandt. The English seized the area in 1664.

Source: KenWiedemann / Getty Images

39. Stonington borough, Connecticut
> Founded: 1662
> Population: 973

Stonington was founded by Governor John Winthrop, Jr. who obtained a charter from England.

40. Elizabeth, New Jersey
> Founded: 1664
> Population: 128,042

English immigrants founded the settlement — originally called Elizabethtown — after buying the land from Lenni Lenape Native Americans.

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