Special Report

States With the Most Hate Groups

Source: Spencer Platt / Getty Images News via Getty Images

2. Tennessee
> Hate groups in 2020: 4.94 per million people (total: 34)
> Pct. pop. identifying as white: 73.3% (23rd highest)
> Pct. pop. foreign born: 5.5% (17th lowest)
> Median household income: $56,071 (9th lowest)
> Largest hate group headquartered in state: Identity Dixie

The Ku Klux Klan was founded in Tennessee in 1865, and the state still had four active chapters of the hate group as of 2020, according to the SPLC. Among the state’s 30 other hate groups are five white nationalists, three neo-Confederate organizations, four neo-Nazi groups, two anti-LGBTQ groups, and two anti-Muslim groups.

People who live in states with large shares of hate groups per capita are more likely to struggle financially. In Tennessee, the median annual household income of $56,071 is nearly $10,000 lower than the U.S. median, and the state’s poverty rate of 13.9% is the ninth highest in the country.

Source: Spencer Platt / Getty Images News via Getty Images

1. Montana
> Hate groups in 2020: 5.55 per million people (total: 6)
> Pct. pop. identifying as white: 85.8% (5th highest)
> Pct. pop. foreign born: 2.3% (3rd lowest)
> Median household income: $57,153 (11th lowest)
> Largest hate group headquartered in state: Last Chance Patriots

Montana has by far the most hate groups per capita of any state, with 5.55 such groups per million residents. This is more than double the U.S. rate of 2.5 hate groups per million. No other state has even 5.0 groups per million. Montana has six hate groups — two anti-Muslim groups, two white nationalist groups, a racist skinhead organization, and a chapter of the Proud Boys.

Montana is one of the least diverse states in the country, with 85.8% of residents identifying as white alone, the fifth highest share in the country. It also has the third lowest share of foreign-born residents among states, at 2.3%. Nationwide, 13.7% of U.S. residents were born outside the country.