Special Report

Countries With the Most Valuable Passports in 2021

7. Portugal — tied 6th
> Visa-free travel permitted to: 188 countries
> Dual citizenship: Usually allowed
> Annual int’l departures: 3.1 million (0.3 per person)
> GDP per capita: $23,252
> Population: 10,269,417

Holders of passports issued by Portugal can visit a total of 188 countries without a visa, two less than those with a passport from neighbouring Spain, but one more than those with an American passport.

Still, Portugal ranks higher than Spain on this list partially because it is more lenient with regard to granting residents dual citizenship. Portuguese citizens also enjoy a greater degree of freedom domestically than residents of Spain, according to the report.

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6. Finland — tied 6th
> Visa-free travel permitted to: 190 countries
> Dual citizenship: Freely allowed
> Annual int’l departures: 10.4 million (1.9 per person)
> GDP per capita: $48,783
> Population: 5,520,314

Citizens of Finland enjoy a high degree of freedom in their home country, with limited government surveillance, a relatively free press, and no mandatory military service. Those with passports issued by the Finnish government also enjoy a high degree of freedom to travel, with visa-free access to 190 countries, the second most among European countries, trailing only Germany.

International travel is relatively common among Finland residents. There are a total of 10.4 million international departures from the country annually, or nearly two for every citizen.

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5. Belgium — tied 4th
> Visa-free travel permitted to: 187 countries
> Dual citizenship: Freely allowed
> Annual int’l departures: 14.2 million (1.2 per person)
> GDP per capita: $46,421
> Population: 11,484,055

According to Nomad Capitalist, Belgian citizens have a high degree of freedom from government surveillance. They are also largely unrestricted from seeking dual citizenship.

Belgians are generally well-regarded by those other nationalities, which makes for better international travel experiences. Those with a Belgian passport can travel to 187 different countries without a visa, equal to the number of countries American passports grant access to.

Source: zephyrios / Flickr

4. Switzerland — tied 4th
> Visa-free travel permitted to: 187 countries
> Dual citizenship: Freely allowed
> Annual int’l departures: 19.8 million (2.3 per person)
> GDP per capita: $81,994
> Population: 8,574,832

Swiss passports grant their holder visa-free access to 187 countries worldwide, equal to the number of countries American passport holders can access. International travel is relatively common among residents of the landlocked European nation. The Swiss make a total of 19.8 million international departures from their country annually, or 2.3 for every citizen.

One of the wealthiest countries in the world, Switzerland ‘s GDP per capita stands at $81,994, many times greater than the $11,433 global average.

Source: Mlenny / E+ via Getty Images

3. Ireland — tied 2nd
> Visa-free travel permitted to: 188 countries
> Dual citizenship: Freely allowed
> Annual int’l departures: 9.4 million (1.9 per person)
> GDP per capita: $78,661
> Population: 4,941,444

Citizens of Ireland benefit from a high degree of freedom domestically and face relatively few hurdles to gaining dual citizenship. The Irish are also generally well-received in foreign countries, making for better overall international travel experiences.

Residents of Ireland also have access to more countries than other nationalities. An Irish citizen can travel to 188 countries without needing a visa, one more than U.S. passports allow for.