Special Report

How Every State’s Population Has Changed Since 2010

Vasyl Dolmatov / Getty Images

The U.S. census has been conducted once every decade since 1790. The first results of the 2020 survey were released in April, and they show that the country’s population grew over the previous 10 years at the second-lowest pace in history, increasing by 7.4%, to 331,449,281 — about half the rate it grew by in the previous ten years, during which the last millennials (the largest generation in American history) were born. 

While U.S. population growth regularly topped 30% in the 1800s, the last time the U.S. exhibited growth above 20% was prior to World War I. The only time the U.S. population grew at a slower rate than in the 2010s was in the wake of the Great Depression in the 1930s. 

Click here to see how every state’s population has changed since 2010.

That era also saw a redistribution of population around the country, as impoverished families packed up and moved to greener pastures — sometimes literally, considering that the Dust Bowl turned swaths of America into arid wasteland. Some rural areas in Oklahoma and Texas, for example, experienced population declines of 25% while California’s population jumped nearly 22% in the 1930s. (People still migrate from one place to another. These are cities people are abandoning.)

In the 2010s, Americans continued to migrate to the country’s South and West. Traditional migration magnets California and New York have been losing out to the Sunbelt states of Florida and Texas. California just gave up a population-linked congressional seat for the first time in 170 years, while Ohio and New York also lost seats. Colorado, Florida,  Montana, North Carolina, and Oregon each gained a seat while Texas gained two. These are the states that gained and lost the most congressional seats.

Includes the resident population for the 50 states, as ascertained by the Twenty-Fourth Decennial Census under Title 13, United States Code, and counts of U.S. military and federal civilian employees living overseas (and their dependents living with them overseas) allocated to their home state, as reported by the employing federal agencies. Overseas is defined as any location outside the 50 United States and the District of Columbia. The apportionment population excludes the populations of the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico.

Correction: A previous version of this story incorrectly stated that Colorado, Montana, and Oregon had lost a congressional seat as a result of the Census, in fact, each state has gained a seat. 

Source: Chilkoot / Getty Images

1. Alabama
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +2.7%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 713,910
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 733,391

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Source: Dreamframer / Getty Images

3. Arizona
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +11.6%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 6,407,172
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 7,151,502

Source: DenisTangneyJr / Getty Images

4. Arkansas
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +3.1%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 2,921,964
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 3,011,524

Source: choness / Getty Images

5. California
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +5.9%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 37,319,502
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 39,538,223

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Source: Planet Unicorn / Getty Images

6. Colorado
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +14.4%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 5,047,349
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 5,773,714

Source: SeanPavonePhoto / Getty Images

7. Connecticut
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +0.7%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 3,579,114
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 3,605,944

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Source: DenisTangneyJr / Getty Images

8. Delaware
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +10.0%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 899,593
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 989,948

Source: Sean Pavone / Getty Images

9. Florida
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +14.3%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 18,845,537
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 21,538,187

Source: SeanPavonePhoto / Getty Images

10. Georgia
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +10.3%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 9,711,881
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 10,711,908

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Source: okimo / iStock via Getty Images

11. Hawaii
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +6.7%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 1,363,963
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 1,455,271

Source: knowlesgallery / Getty Images

12. Idaho
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +17.1%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 1,570,746
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 1,839,106

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Source: Sean Pavone / Getty Images

13. Illinois
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: -0.2%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 12,840,503
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 12,812,508

Source: Davel5957 / Getty Images

14. Indiana
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +4.5%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 6,490,432
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 6,785,528

Source: pabradyphoto / Getty Images

15. Iowa
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +4.6%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 3,050,745
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 3,190,369

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Source: Davel5957 / Getty Images

16. Kansas
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +2.8%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 2,858,190
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 2,937,880

Source: Davel5957 / Getty Images

17. Kentucky
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +3.6%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 4,348,181
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 4,505,836

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Source: f11photo / Getty Images

18. Louisiana
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +2.5%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 4,544,532
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 4,657,757

Source: SeanPavonePhoto / Getty Images

19. Maine
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +2.6%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 1,327,629
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 1,362,359

Source: Davel5957 / Getty Images

20. Maryland
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +6.7%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 5,788,645
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 6,177,224

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Source: Sean Pavone / Getty Images

21. Massachusetts
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +7.1%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 6,566,307
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 7,029,917

Source: pawel.gaul / Getty Images

22. Michigan
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +2.0%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 9,877,510
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 10,077,331

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Source: Scruggelgreen / Getty Images

23. Minnesota
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +7.5%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 5,310,828
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 5,706,494

Source: SeanPavonePhoto / Getty Images

24. Mississippi
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: -0.3%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 2,970,548
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 2,961,279

Source: f11photo / Getty Images

25. Missouri
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +2.7%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 5,995,974
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 6,154,913

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Source: peeterv / Getty Images

26. Montana
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +9.4%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 990,697
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 1,084,225

Source: ChrisBoswell / Getty Images

27. Nebraska
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +7.2%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 1,829,542
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 1,961,504

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Source: gchapel / Getty Images

28. Nevada
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +14.9%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 2,702,405
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 3,104,614

Source: DenisTangneyJr / Getty Images

29. New Hampshire
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +4.6%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 1,316,762
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 1,377,529

Source: Creative-Family / Getty Images

30. New Jersey
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +5.6%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 8,799,446
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 9,288,994

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Source: ferrantraite / Getty Images

31. New Mexico
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +2.6%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 2,064,552
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 2,117,522

Source: FilippoBacci / Getty Images

32. New York
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +4.1%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 19,399,878
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 20,201,249

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Source: SeanPavonePhoto / Getty Images

33. North Carolina
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +9.0%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 9,574,323
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 10,439,388

Source: DenisTangneyJr / Getty Images

34. North Dakota
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +15.5%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 674,715
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 779,094

Source: Sean Pavone / Getty Images

35. Ohio
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +2.3%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 11,539,336
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 11,799,448

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Source: DenisTangneyJr / Getty Images

36. Oklahoma
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +5.3%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 3,759,944
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 3,959,353

Source: 4nadia / Getty Images

37. Oregon
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +10.4%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 3,837,491
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 4,237,256

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Source: f11photo / Getty Images

38. Pennsylvania
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +2.3%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 12,711,160
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 13,002,700

Source: SeanPavonePhoto / Getty Images

39. Rhode Island
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +4.1%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 1,053,959
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 1,097,379

Source: Sean Pavone / Getty Images

40. South Carolina
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +10.4%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 4,635,649
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 5,118,425

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Source: EunikaSopotnicka / Getty Images

41. South Dakota
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +8.6%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 816,166
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 886,667

Source: Sean Pavone / Getty Images

42. Tennessee
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +8.7%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 6,355,311
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 6,910,840

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Source: Sean Pavone / Getty Images

43. Texas
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +15.5%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 25,241,971
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 29,145,505

Source: johnnya123 / Getty Images

44. Utah
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +17.9%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 2,775,332
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 3,271,616

Source: SeanPavonePhoto / Getty Images

45. Vermont
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +2.7%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 625,879
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 643,077

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Source: SeanPavonePhoto / Getty Images

46. Virginia
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +7.6%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 8,023,699
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 8,631,393

Source: thyegn / iStock via Getty Images

47. Washington
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +14.3%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 6,742,830
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 7,705,281

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Source: Sean Pavone / Getty Images

48. West Virginia
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: -3.3%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 1,854,239
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 1,793,716

Source: Sean Pavone / Getty Images

49. Wisconsin
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +3.6%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 5,690,475
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 5,893,718

Source: collins_family / Flickr

50. Wyoming
> Pct. change in population, 2010-2020: +2.2%
> Resident population, July 1, 2010: 564,487
> Resident population, April 1, 2020: 576,851

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