Special Report

Countries That Suffered the Most Civilian Casualties in World War II

20. Italy
> Civilian deaths: 152,900 – 155,600
> Military deaths: 242,232 – 319,200
> Total deaths: 395,000 – 514,000
> Est. population 1939: 44,394,000
> Deaths as pct. of population: 1.1% – 1.2%

Source: Lazaros Papandreou / iStock Editorial via Getty Images

19. Greece
> Civilian deaths: 171,800 – 780,000
> Military deaths: 20,000 – 35,000
> Total deaths: 300,000 – 807,000
> Est. population 1939: 7,222,000
> Deaths as pct. of population: 4.2% – 11.2%

Source: Public Domain / Wikimedia Commons

18. Netherlands
> Civilian deaths: 187,300 – 284,000
> Military deaths: 7,900 – 17,000
> Total deaths: 208,000 – 301,000
> Est. population 1939: 8,729,000
> Deaths as pct. of population: 2.4% – 3.4%

Source: unknown/uncredited - Matatias Carp, Cartea neagră. Suferinţele evreilor din România: 1940—1944. I: Legionarii şi rebeliunea, Dacia Traiană (Socec), Bucharest, 1947 (accessible through DacoRomanica (Bucharest City Library) / Public Domain / Wikimedia Commons

17. Romania
> Civilian deaths: 200,000 – 533,000
> Military deaths: 300,000
> Total deaths: 500,000 – 833,000
> Est. population 1939: 15,970,000
> Deaths as pct. of population: 3.1%

Source: andriano_cz / iStock via Getty Images

16. Czechoslovakia
> Civilian deaths: 215,000 – 320,000
> Military deaths: 10,000 – 46,000
> Total deaths: 225,000 – 345,000
> Est. population 1939: 14,612,000
> Deaths as pct. of population: 1.5% – 2.4%

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