Special Report

The Countries Without a Military, and Who Defends Them

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3. Panama
> Population: 4,404,108 (#127 largest out of 237)
> Region: Central America and the Caribbean
> Security forces: Ministry of Public Security: the Panama National Police (La Policía Nacional de Panamá, PNP), National Air-Naval Service (Servicio Nacional Aeronaval, SENAN), National Border Service (Servicio Nacional de Fronteras, SENAFRONT)

CIA additional info: “The PNP includes paramilitary special forces units for counterterrorism and counternarcotics missions; in addition to its 3 regionally-based border security brigades, SENAFRONT includes a special forces brigade, which is comprised of special forces, count”

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2. Costa Rica
> Population: 5,256,612 (#124 largest out of 237)
> Region: Central America and the Caribbean
> Security forces: Ministry of Public Security: the Public Force (Fuerza Pública (National Police)), Air Surveillance Service (Servicio de Vigilancia Aérea), National Coast Guard Service (Servicio Nacional de Guardacostas), Border Police (Policia de Fronteras); Ministry of

CIA additional info: “Costa Rica relies on specialized paramilitary units within the Ministry of Public Security (MPS) for internal security missions and countering transnational threats such as narcotics smuggling and organized crime, as well as for participating in regional”

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1. Hong Kong (China S.A.R.)
> Population: 7,288,167 (#105 largest out of 237)
> Region: East and Southeast Asia
> Security forces: Hong Kong Police Force (specialized units include the Police Counterterrorism Response Unit, the Explosive Ordnance Disposal Bureau, the Special Duties Unit, the Airport Security Unit, and the VIP Protection Unit)

CIA additional info: “Defense is the responsibility of China. The Hong Kong garrison of China’s People’s Liberation Army (PLA) includes elements of the PLA Army, PLA Navy, and PLA Air Force; these forces are under the direct leadership of the Central Military Commission in Bei”

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