Crimes committed with firearms – particularly homicide – are a growing problem in the United States. Over 19,000 people were murdered with a gun nationwide in 2020, up 35% from the previous year. These murders were on top of the more than 100,000 cases of aggravated assault and 43,000 cases of robbery involving guns.
Many of the guns used in these crimes were reported by local law enforcement to the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives for tracing to aid in crime investigation and criminal prosecution. All told, the ATF traced nearly 390,000 firearms in 2020 alone.
Guns that are traced by the ATF are typically those found at a crime scene – and that either have been used, or are suspected to have been used, to commit a crime – though it is important to note that not all firearms used in a crime are traced.
In Virginia, the ATF traced a total of 12,033 firearms in 2021 – or 141.4 for every 100,000 people, the 14th most among states.
The largest share of guns reported to the ATF in the state – 5,052 in total – were chambered for 9mm ammunition. The second most common firearm type was .40 caliber, with 1,555 traced by the ATF.
|Rank||State||Guns traced per 100k people, 2021||Total guns traced, 2021||Most common type traced||2nd most common type traced||3rd most common type traced|
|1||Louisiana||236.7||11,041||9mm||.40 Cal||.22 Cal|
|2||Nevada||203.4||6,164||9mm||.40 Cal||.22 Cal|
|3||Tennessee||191.5||12,970||9mm||.40 Cal||.380 Cal|
|4||North Carolina||182.7||18,973||9mm||.40 Cal||.22 Cal|
|5||South Carolina||182.6||9,295||9mm||.40 Cal||.380 Cal|
|6||Georgia||182.3||19,172||9mm||.40 Cal||.380 Cal|
|7||New Mexico||169.6||3,557||9mm||.40 Cal||.40 Cal|
|8||Alabama||160.8||7,868||9mm||.40 Cal||.380 Cal|
|9||Missouri||156.7||9,598||9mm||.40 Cal||.45 Cal|
|10||Mississippi||154.1||4,596||9mm||.40 Cal||.22 Cal|
|11||Delaware||154.1||1,491||9mm||.40 Cal||.22 Cal|
|12||Arizona||152.7||10,952||9mm||.40 Cal||.22 Cal|
|13||Maryland||146.9||8,872||9mm||.22 Cal||.40 Cal|
|14||Virginia||141.4||12,033||9mm||.40 Cal||.45 Cal|
|15||Ohio||141.1||16,472||9mm||.40 Cal||.380 Cal|
|16||Indiana||135.1||9,049||9mm||.40 Cal||.22 Cal|
|17||Kentucky||133.1||5,941||9mm||.40 Cal||.380 Cal|
|18||Texas||133.1||38,109||9mm||.40 Cal||.380 Cal|
|19||Florida||127.1||26,966||9mm||.40 Cal||.380 Cal|
|20||Kansas||125.7||3,661||9mm||.40 Cal||.22 Cal|
|21||Oregon||123.0||5,138||9mm||.22 Cal||.45 Cal|
|22||West Virginia||120.7||2,181||9mm||.22 Cal||.380 Cal|
|23||Montana||118.6||1,259||.22 Cal||9mm||.45 Cal|
|24||Illinois||117.2||14,897||9mm||.40 Cal||.45 Cal|
|25||Colorado||114.6||6,516||9mm||.22 Cal||.40 Cal|
|26||California||113.6||44,709||9mm||.22 Cal||.40 Cal|
|27||Michigan||113.3||11,301||9mm||.40 Cal||.45 Cal|
|28||Arkansas||111.4||3,355||9mm||.40 Cal||.22 Cal|
|29||Nebraska||111.2||2,140||9mm||.22 Cal||.40 Cal|
|30||Alaska||110.6||815||9mm||.22 Cal||.45 Cal|
|31||Pennsylvania||108.0||13,823||9mm||.22 Cal||.40 Cal|
|32||North Dakota||104.8||797||9mm||.22 Cal||12GA|
|33||Wisconsin||101.5||5,892||9mm||.40 Cal||.380 Cal|
|34||South Dakota||88.1||775||9mm||.22 Cal||.40 Cal|
|35||Utah||87.8||2,767||9mm||.22 Cal||.40 Cal|
|36||Oklahoma||86.0||3,397||9mm||.40 Cal||.22 Cal|
|37||Iowa||80.8||2,546||9mm||.22 Cal||.380 Cal|
|38||Minnesota||71.8||4,020||9mm||.22 Cal||.40 Cal|
|39||Washington||70.7||5,310||9mm||.22 Cal||.40 Cal|
|40||Idaho||70.1||1,229||9mm||.22 Cal||.45 Cal|
|42||New Hampshire||47.2||640||9mm||.22 Cal||.380 Cal|
|43||New Jersey||46.8||4,161||9mm||.40 Cal||.22 Cal|
|45||Wyoming||43.7||254||9mm||.22 Cal||.45 Cal|
|46||Rhode Island||39.1||414||9mm||.40 Cal||.22 Cal|
|47||New York||36.8||7,187||9mm||.380 Cal||.22 Cal|
|48||Connecticut||31.7||1,133||9mm||.22 Cal||.40 Cal|
|49||Massachusetts||26.6||1,830||9mm||.40 Cal||.380 Cal|
|50||Hawaii||10.2||145||9mm||.22 Cal||.45 Cal|
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