Special Report

This is How Common Hate Crimes are in Ohio Compared to Other States

From terror attacks to natural disasters, U.S. history is replete with examples of Americans of different backgrounds unifying in the face of hardship. Unfortunately, the COVID-19 pandemic will not likely be remembered as such an occasion. The virus, which originated in China, ushered in a surge of violence directed at Asian Americans at a time when hate crimes were already at their highest level in over a decade.

According to the FBI, hate crimes are those motivated by prejudice and committed against victims based on their race, color, religion, or national origin, as well as based on biases of actual or perceived sexual orientation, gender identity, disability, or gender.

In Ohio, there were 428 hate crimes reported in 2019, or 3.7 for every 100,000 people – the ninth highest hate crime rate among states. Meanwhile, there were 8,559 incidents nationwide, or 2.6 for every 100,000 people. Of all reported incidents of hate in the state, 55.2% were motivated by race, ethnicity, or ancestry, 7.7% were motivated by religion, and 7.7% were motivated by sexual orientation.

Hate crime reporting in Ohio is less comprehensive than it is across much of the country. There are 551 agencies in the state that track and report hate crime data, covering 83.2% of the population. Nationwide, 93.0% of the population are covered by agencies tracking and reporting hate crimes.

All data used in this story is from the FBI’s Uniform Crime Report. States were ranked based on the number of reported hate crimes per 100,000 residents in 2019. It is important to note that reporting practices and standards related to hate crimes vary by state, and in many parts of the country, reported hate crime figures may not be an accurate reflection of the true prevalence of hate crimes.

 

Rank State Hate crimes per 100,000 people; 2019 Total hate crimes; 2019 Participating agencies reporting hate crimes Pop. covered by agencies reporting hate crimes (%)
1 Washington 8.7 664 253 99.6
2 Massachusetts 6.4 441 360 98.3
3 Vermont 5.9 37 89 100
4 New Jersey 5.4 478 556 97.3
5 Michigan 5.0 495 638 99.8
6 Oregon 4.9 205 204 96.2
7 Colorado 4.5 257 221 99.1
8 Kentucky 4.0 179 410 99.8
9 Ohio 3.7 428 551 83.2
10 Hawaii 3.6 51 1 68.9
11 Arizona 3.5 254 92 87.9
12 Kansas 3.4 99 377 89.6
13 Montana 3.3 35 103 98.8
14 New York 3.2 618 558 97.4
15 California 3.1 1,221 737 100
16 New Mexico 3.0 63 23 39.1
17 Nebraska 2.9 57 130 93.7
18 Delaware 2.8 27 63 100
19 North Dakota 2.6 20 109 100
20 Connecticut 2.4 86 102 94.6
21 South Dakota 2.4 21 128 95.9
22 North Carolina 2.4 248 332 83.3
23 Alaska 2.3 17 33 99.5
24 Tennessee 2.2 152 465 100
25 Minnesota 2.2 123 379 98.1
26 Virginia 2.2 185 415 100
27 Idaho 2.1 38 106 99.7
28 West Virginia 2.0 36 240 87.9
29 Rhode Island 2.0 21 48 99.9
30 Texas 1.9 560 1,059 99.6
31 Maine 1.8 24 134 100
32 Missouri 1.7 106 571 99.0
33 Nevada 1.7 53 48 99.7
34 South Carolina 1.6 82 405 98.7
35 Wisconsin 1.4 83 437 99.8
36 Indiana 1.3 87 214 54.1
37 New Hampshire 1.3 17 188 96.6
38 Georgia 1.2 123 495 87.5
39 Utah 1.1 34 121 96.0
40 Wyoming 1.0 6 55 88.6
41 Oklahoma 0.8 30 438 99.7
42 Illinois 0.7 95 728 95.7
43 Louisiana 0.7 33 137 76.1
44 Florida 0.6 131 638 97.3
45 Mississippi 0.5 15 42 29.6
46 Iowa 0.4 13 246 99.4
47 Pennsylvania 0.4 50 1,424 98.3
48 Arkansas 0.3 10 278 93.2
49 Maryland 0.3 18 153 100
50 Alabama 0.0 0 2 1.7