There are an estimated 39.5 million Americans living below the poverty line, which, in the lower 48 states, is an annual income threshold of $12,880 for an individual and $26,500 for a family of four (Alaska and Hawaii have a slightly higher threshold). Living in poverty can have serious consequences and impacts nearly every aspect of life — and those problems can be compounded for those who are facing poverty while also living in very poor neighborhoods.
Residents of poor neighborhoods often struggle with higher crime rates, limited employment opportunities, lower school quality, and poor health outcomes. For those living on poverty level income, each of these factors reduces the likelihood of upward economic mobility.
There are 13 metropolitan areas in New York state, and of them, Buffalo is the only one where more than one in four residents living below the poverty line reside in a neighborhood where 40% of the population live in poverty.
Despite having the worst economic segregation in the state, with 27.4% of poor residents concentrated in high-poverty neighborhoods, Buffalo does not have an especially large poor population. Only 14.0% of metro area residents live below the poverty line, compared to 14.1% of all New Yorkers. Additionally, other metro areas in the state, like Binghamton, Ithaca, and Utica, all have poverty rates over 15%.
All data used in this story are five-year estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau’s 2019 American Community Survey. We only considered census tracts, or neighborhoods, with at least 500 people and college or graduate school enrollment below 50%. Metro areas were also excluded if over 25% of the population in tracts or neighborhoods of concentrated poverty were college or university students.
|Metro area with worst extreme poverty||Poor residents in high-poverty neighborhoods||Overall poverty rate||Overall poverty rate, statewide|
|Arkansas: Little Rock||7.8%||15.0%||17.0%|
|Connecticut: New Haven||12.7%||11.7%||9.9%|
|Missouri: Cape Girardeau||27.9%||16.4%||13.7%|
|Montana: Great Falls||19.8%||13.3%||13.1%|
|Nevada: Las Vegas||5.1%||13.7%||13.1%|
|New Hampshire: Manchester||2.9%||7.8%||7.6%|
|New Jersey: Trenton||21.3%||11.7%||10.0%|
|New Mexico: Las Cruces||26.1%||26.3%||19.1%|
|New York: Buffalo||27.4%||14.0%||14.1%|
|North Carolina: Goldsboro||12.5%||20.2%||14.7%|
|North Dakota: None||N/A||N/A||10.7%|
|Oklahoma: Oklahoma City||9.2%||13.7%||15.7%|
|Rhode Island: Providence||4.0%||12.0%||12.4%|
|South Carolina: Columbia||7.9%||14.4%||15.2%|
|South Dakota: None||N/A||N/A||13.1%|
|West Virginia: Huntington||14.8%||18.8%||17.6%|