Special Report

How GDP of US States Compares to Countries Around the World

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Oklahoma
> GDP: $190.9 billion
> Country w/ similar GDP: Kazakhstan ($196.0 billion)
> Okla. population: 3.9 million (Kazakhstan: 18.0 million)
> Okla. GDP per capita: $48,569 (Kazakhstan: $10,868)

The sixth largest producer of crude oil and fourth largest producer of natural gas, Oklahoma’s $190.9 billion economy is heavily dependent on energy production. Kazakhstan, a country 15 times the size of Oklahoma by landmass and nearly five times as large by population, has a similarly sized economy. A former Soviet republic, Kazakhstan’s economy is heavily dependent on agriculture and extraction of oil and minerals, including copper and zinc.

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Oregon
> GDP: $207.7 billion
> Country w/ similar GDP: Iraq ($208.6 billion)
> Ore. population: 4.1 million (Iraq: 38.3 million)
> Ore. GDP per capita: $50,138 (Iraq: $5,450)

Though Iraq is not often considered an economic powerhouse, it has a GDP of over $200 billion — very similar to Oregon’s economic output. Iraq has about nine times as many people as Oregon, however, meaning its GDP per capita is about one-ninth of Oregon’s. A war-torn country for most of the 21st century, first with the United States then ISIS, Iraq has relied on oil to keep its economy afloat. Of the country’s $60.8 billion in exports, 95% are crude petroleum.

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Pennsylvania
> GDP: $700.8 billion
> Country w/ similar GDP: Saudi Arabia ($684.2 billion)
> Pa. population: 12.8 million (Saudi Arabia: 32.9 million)
> Pa. GDP per capita: $54,725 (Saudi Arabia: $20,771)

Pennsylvania’s GDP is the closest to that of the petroleum-rich nation Saudi Arabia. More than three-quarters of Saudi Arabia’s exports are oil-related — either in crude, refined, or gas form. Though Saudi Arabia and Pennsylvania have similarly sized economies, the Middle Eastern country has a larger population by over 20 million. As a result, the per capita GDP of Saudi Arabia is significantly smaller than Pennsylvania’s.

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Rhode Island
> GDP: $53.5 billion
> Country w/ similar GDP: Slovenia ($53.0 billion)
> R.I. population: 1.1 million (Slovenia: 2.1 million)
> R.I. GDP per capita: $50,446 (Slovenia: $25,662)

Rhode Island’s $53.5 billion GDP is about the same as the GDP of Slovenia, a country with nearly twice as many people. Though Slovenia’s transition to a market economy following the breakup of Yugoslavia was relatively smooth, the 2012 European financial crisis and ensuing years of fiscal mismanagement have stymied economic growth in the country.

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South Carolina
> GDP: $199.3 billion
> Country w/ similar GDP: Algeria ($199.2 billion)
> S.C. population: 5.0 million (Algeria: 41.3 million)
> S.C. GDP per capita: $39,673 (Algeria: $4,820)

Though Algeria’s population is more than eight times the size of South Carolina’s population, and the country has a landmass that is over 28 times the size of the state, the two geographic areas have nearly the exact same GDP. Compared to U.S. states, South Carolina has a relatively low GDP per capita at just under $40,000, but it is well beyond that of Algeria. The nation’s GDP per capita is below $5,000. Algeria’s economy depends on petroleum, but with oil prices much lower than they were five years ago, the nation’s exports were nearly cut in half from 2012 to 2017.

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