Special Report

America's 25 Dying Industries

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20. Cable and other subscription programming
> Employment change 2009-2018: -37.8%
> Employment total: 53,533
> 10-yr. change in avg. annual pay: +63.3%
> Avg. annual pay: $125,495

The cable and other subscription programming industry includes businesses that operate television studios and subscription-based broadcasting facilities. Such companies include Comcast, Charter Communications, and Viacom. In the last decade, total employment in the industry fell by nearly 38%. The decline coincided with the growing popularity of streaming services like Netflix and Amazon Prime.

19. Bituminous coal and lignite surface mining
> Employment change 2009-2018: -38.6%
> Employment total: 23,667
> 10-yr. change in avg. annual pay: +23.4%
> Avg. annual pay: $87,273

Coal production is falling in the United States. Between 2009 and 2018, surface coal mining production fell from 955.9 million short tons to 672.8 million. Over the same period, employment in bituminous coal and lignite surface mining fell from 38,530 to 23,667.

18. Support activities for coal mining
> Employment change 2009-2018: -39.3%
> Employment total: 4,830
> 10-yr. change in avg. annual pay: +22.5%
> Avg. annual pay: $76,053

Coal production is falling in the United States. Between 2009 and 2018, total coal production fell from 1.4 billion short tons to 1.0 billion. Over the same period, employment in the support activities for coal mining industry fell from 7,963 to 4,830.

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17. Citrus, except orange, groves
> Employment change 2009-2018: -39.4%
> Employment total: 2,315
> 10-yr. change in avg. annual pay: +31.9%
> Avg. annual pay: $32,156

This industry includes establishments that grow a wide variety of citrus fruits, including lemons, tangerines, mandarins, and grapefruits. The nearly 40% employment decline in the industry over the last 10 years is likely attributable in part to increased efficiency in large scale crop production that has reduced the need for personnel and led to the consolidation of farms.

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16. Savings institutions
> Employment change 2009-2018: -41.2%
> Employment total: 112,066
> 10-yr. change in avg. annual pay: +33.2%
> Avg. annual pay: $70,794

This industry, which largely comprises savings and loan associations and savings banks, is one of only 16 in the United States to have shed over 40% of its workforce in the last 10 years.