Special Report

America's 25 Dying Industries

Source: library_of_congress / Flickr

10. Newsprint mills
> Employment change 2009-2018: -48.6%
> Employment total: 4,255
> 10-yr. change in avg. annual pay: +20.5%
> Avg. annual pay: $88,229

Few industries have been hit as hard as newspaper publishing in the United States in recent years. In 2009, there were an estimated 45.7 million weekday newspaper subscriptions. As of 2018, there were only about 28.6 million. This has led to reduced demand for newsprint manufacturing, and in the last decade employment in newsprint mills has been nearly cut in half.

Source: dan_prat / Getty Images

9. Telecommunications resellers
> Employment change 2009-2018: -50.1%
> Employment total: 50,599
> 10-yr. change in avg. annual pay: +20.1%
> Avg. annual pay: $83,393

The telecommunications reseller industry is one of only nine in the United States to have shed over half of its workforce in the last 10 years. The industry’s primary function is to purchase access and network capacity from telecom companies and then sell communication services to households and companies.

Source: skynesher / Getty Images

8. Private households
> Employment change 2009-2018: -52.9%
> Employment total: 292,491
> 10-yr. change in avg. annual pay: +56.4%
> Avg. annual pay: $26,395

The private household industry consists of those working in homes in roles such as nannies, maids, cooks, butlers, and gardeners. There were only 292,491 people working in the industry in 2018, less than half the 675,921 figure in 2009.

7. Greeting card publishers
> Employment change 2009-2018: -53.9%
> Employment total: 4,363
> 10-yr. change in avg. annual pay: +13.1%
> Avg. annual pay: $64,344

Greeting card publishing is far less of a viable employment option today than it was a decade ago. Between 2009 and 2018, the number of people working in greeting card publishing fell from about 9,500 to fewer than 4,500.

6. Directory and mailing list publishers
> Employment change 2009-2018: -55.4%
> Employment total: 17,372
> 10-yr. change in avg. annual pay: +20.1%
> Avg. annual pay: $76,229

Directory and mailing list publishers, who publish phone books, mailing lists, and other directories, are becoming far less common in the United States, as more and more information can be accessed online. Overall employment fell by 55.4% in the industry in the last decade and now stands at just over 17,000.