Aerospace & Defense

This Is How Many People Are in the Military in Every State

The U.S. military is divided into several groups for categorization. The branches include the Army, Navy, Marines and Coast Guard. There is a new section of the Air Force called the Space Force. The Coast Guard, unlike the others, which are part of the U.S. Department of Defense, is part of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security.

There are also seven reserve components of the American military: Army National Guard, Army Reserve, Navy Reserve, Marine Corps Reserve, Air National Guard, Air Force Reserve and Coast Guard Reserve.

The military is relatively small now by past standards. At the end of the war in Vietnam, as the draft ended, active military personnel numbered 1.9 million. That is down to 1.3 million today.

The military pie is cut another way. Beyond the 1.3 million people on active duty, there are approximately 800,000 people in the reserves and another several hundred thousand civilian-military.

The Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) reviewed the demographics of the military recently. The Marines are the “youngest” branch. Among enlisted activity duty personnel, 70% are 24 years old or younger. The comparable figure in the Coast Guard is 30%. Some of this has to do with the cut-off age for enlistment. For the Marines, it is 28. For the Navy, it is 34, for the Army 35 and for the Air Force and Coast Guard 39.

Most members of the military come from middle-class backgrounds. These income groups are the most strongly represented by median household income, the CFR reports: $66,598 to $87,850, $53,549 to $66,597 and $41,692 to $53,548. Underrepresented are the $87,851 and over income group and those with incomes up to $41,691.

The numbers of female recruits vary widely by the branch of service. For the Marines, the figure is about 10%. Among the Navy and Air Force, the figure is closer to 25%.

The concentration of recruits also varies by state. The CFR reports:

South Carolina had the highest representation ratio, at 1.5, meaning it contributed 50 percent more than its share of the country’s eighteen- to twenty-four-year-old population. Florida, Hawaii, Georgia, and Alabama round out the top five.

The total count by the branch of the service based on active-duty personnel, according to, is 472,000 for the Army, 319,000 for the Navy, 319,000 for the Air Force, 184,000 for the Marine Corps and 41,000 for the Coast Guard.

These are the number of members of the military by state:

State Total
U.S. Total 1,025,883
Alabama 8,750
Alaska 17,302
Arizona 18,297
Arkansas 3,190
California 128,373
Colorado 34,460
Connecticut 4,641
Delaware 3,196
District of Columbia 9,852
Florida 55,862
Georgia 61,322
Hawaii 36,620
Idaho 3,367
Illinois 20,567
Indiana 963
Iowa 248
Kansas 21,604
Kentucky 31,418
Louisiana 13,122
Maine 811
Maryland 28,888
Massachusetts 3,573
Michigan 2,088
Minnesota 597
Mississippi 11,554
Missouri 17,072
Montana 3,208
Nebraska 5,849
Nevada 10,322
New Hampshire 757
New Jersey 7,669
New Mexico 11,485
New York 20,588
North Carolina 91,175
North Dakota 6,583
Ohio 6,793
Oklahoma 19,802
Oregon 1,572
Pennsylvania 2,580
Rhode Island 3,371
South Carolina 37,507
South Dakota 2,809
Tennessee 2,095
Texas 110,913
Utah 3,979
Vermont 168
Virginia 89,303
Washington 45,343
West Virginia 197
Wisconsin 976
Wyoming 3,102

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