4. Harder to find a property
The availability of houses has tightened, with homeowners holding onto their properties to at least regain the value lost during the housing crisis. Once houses get on the market, they do not stay on for long because of the limited supply. The National Association of Realtors said last month that nationwide, properties typically stayed on the market for 30 days in August 2017. To compare, properties typically stayed on the market for 97 days in 2011. In a Realtor.com poll of 1,054 homeowners earlier this year, about 59% of respondents had no plans to sell their home in the next year.
5. Less affordable homes
The national home affordability index was 100 in the third quarter of 2017, the lowest it has been since the third quarter of 2008, when the index was 86 and the housing crisis was deepening. The index, from real estate data provider Attom Data Solutions, measures whether a typical family income is sufficient to pay for a mortgage and other expenses on a typical home. The higher the index, the more affordable houses are. In 2012, for comparison, after housing prices plummeted, the index reached 154. Since then, median home prices have risen 73%, while average weekly wages have increased just 13%.
6. Fewer loans
Although interest rates remain generally low, loans are hard to come by as lenders are slow to provide them — because of high processing costs and fewer creditworthy borrowers. The current tight credit is yet another change in the post-crisis lending landscape, curbing demand for housing. As Federal Reserve Chairman Janet Yellen said in a testimony to the Senate Banking Committee in 2015, “demand for housing is still being restrained by limited availability of mortgage loans to many potential homebuyers.” Tight credit is also blamed for keeping homeownership from rising. The U.S. homeownership rate in the second quarter was 63.7%, up from 62.9% in the second quarter last year, which was the lowest since 1965. The all-time high was 69.2%, reached in the fourth quarter of 2004.
7. Higher credit scores required
Before the housing bubble burst, banks relaxed lending standards, issuing loans that required little or, in some cases, no documents — low-doc and no-doc loans. But the pendulum swung swiftly in the opposite direction when the housing market collapsed and only those with the highest credit score were considered for receiving loans. After the collapse of the housing market, banks were reluctant to lend to anyone with a FICO score below 700. Since then, lenders have relaxed their credit score requirements. That has coincided with improving credit scores among Americans. The Wall Street Journal reported in May that the average credit score climbed to 700 in April, its highest level since that information was first tracked by Fair Isaac Corp. – the company that created the FICO credit score metric – in 2005.