The U.S. is a large country and many areas have their own culture, customs, and health habits that can impact local public health outcomes. Residents in many parts of the country struggle to get adequate preventive care, while others suffer from unhealthy diets and poor exercise habits that can drastically shorten life spans.
For instance, the premature mortality rate, which measures deaths of people before the age of 75, is just 196 deaths per 100,000 residents in the San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, California metropolitan area. Yet in parts of the Southeastern United States, the premature mortality rate is over 500 deaths per 100,000 residents.
It can be difficult for some communities to improve the health of their residents. There are a number of important factors affecting the health of Americans at a city, county, and national level. Justin Rivas, an associate researcher and community coach with County Health Rankings & Roadmaps, said that “Social and economic factors have the largest weight on poor health. That’s things like education, employment, income, family and social support, and community safety.”
To determine the healthiest city in every state, 24/7 Wall St. reviewed health indicators and health outcomes for each metro area in the United States. We constructed an index from these factors to determine the overall health of the residents in each metropolitan area.