Special Report

The Least Peaceful Countries in the World

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20. Colombia
> 2022 Peace index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 2.73 out of 5
> 10-yr. change in peace index score: 3.1% less peaceful
> 2021 expenditure & cost to contain, prevent, and deal with violence: $273.8 billion (26% of GDP)
> Societal safety & security index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 3.60 out of 5 – top 10% of all countries
> Militarization index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 2.05 out of 5 – top 25% of all countries
> Ongoing conflict index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 2.10 out of 5 – top 25% of all countries
> GDP per capita, 2021: $6,131 – middle 50% of all countries
> Population, 2021: 51,265,841 – top 25% of all countries

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19. Turkey
> 2022 Peace index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 2.79 out of 5
> 10-yr. change in peace index score: 17.3% less peaceful
> 2021 expenditure & cost to contain, prevent, and deal with violence: $295.5 billion (6% of GDP)
> Societal safety & security index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 3.22 out of 5 – top 10% of all countries
> Militarization index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 2.06 out of 5 – top 25% of all countries
> Ongoing conflict index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 3.16 out of 5 – top 10% of all countries
> GDP per capita, 2021: $9,587 – middle 50% of all countries
> Population, 2021: 85,042,736 – top 25% of all countries

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18. Burkina Faso
> 2022 Peace index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 2.79 out of 5
> 10-yr. change in peace index score: 65.2% less peaceful
> 2021 expenditure & cost to contain, prevent, and deal with violence: $11.1 billion (15% of GDP)
> Societal safety & security index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 2.99 out of 5 – top 25% of all countries
> Militarization index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 2.19 out of 5 – top 25% of all countries
> Ongoing conflict index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 3.02 out of 5 – top 10% of all countries
> GDP per capita, 2021: $918 – bottom 25% of all countries
> Population, 2021: 21,497,097 – middle 50% of all countries

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17. Pakistan
> 2022 Peace index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 2.79 out of 5
> 10-yr. change in peace index score: 10.8% more peaceful
> 2021 expenditure & cost to contain, prevent, and deal with violence: $148.6 billion (8% of GDP)
> Societal safety & security index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 2.65 out of 5 – middle 50% of all countries
> Militarization index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 2.58 out of 5 – top 10% of all countries
> Ongoing conflict index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 3.17 out of 5 – top 10% of all countries
> GDP per capita, 2021: $1,538 – bottom 25% of all countries
> Population, 2021: 225,199,929 – top 10% of all countries

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16. Venezuela
> 2022 Peace index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 2.80 out of 5
> 10-yr. change in peace index score: 22.5% less peaceful
> 2021 expenditure & cost to contain, prevent, and deal with violence: $15.9 billion (20% of GDP)
> Societal safety & security index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 4.01 out of 5 – top 10% of all countries
> Militarization index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 2.00 out of 5 – middle 50% of all countries
> Ongoing conflict index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 2.10 out of 5 – top 25% of all countries
> GDP per capita, 2014: $16,056 – middle 50% of all countries
> Population, 2021: 28,704,947 – middle 50% of all countries

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