Special Report

The Least Peaceful Countries in the World

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15. Ethiopia
> 2022 Peace index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 2.81 out of 5
> 10-yr. change in peace index score: 8.5% less peaceful
> 2021 expenditure & cost to contain, prevent, and deal with violence: $20.2 billion (7% of GDP)
> Societal safety & security index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 2.92 out of 5 – top 25% of all countries
> Militarization index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 1.81 out of 5 – middle 50% of all countries
> Ongoing conflict index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 3.46 out of 5 – top 10% of all countries
> GDP per capita, 2021: $944 – bottom 25% of all countries
> Population, 2021: 117,876,226 – top 10% of all countries

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14. Mali
> 2022 Peace index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 2.91 out of 5
> 10-yr. change in peace index score: 25.9% less peaceful
> 2021 expenditure & cost to contain, prevent, and deal with violence: $13.3 billion (16% of GDP)
> Societal safety & security index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 3.59 out of 5 – top 10% of all countries
> Militarization index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 1.87 out of 5 – middle 50% of all countries
> Ongoing conflict index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 2.86 out of 5 – top 25% of all countries
> GDP per capita, 2021: $918 – bottom 25% of all countries
> Population, 2021: 20,855,724 – middle 50% of all countries

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13. Libya
> 2022 Peace index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 2.93 out of 5
> 10-yr. change in peace index score: 18.8% less peaceful
> 2021 expenditure & cost to contain, prevent, and deal with violence: $26.1 billion (19% of GDP)
> Societal safety & security index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 3.09 out of 5 – top 25% of all countries
> Militarization index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 2.43 out of 5 – top 10% of all countries
> Ongoing conflict index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 3.16 out of 5 – top 10% of all countries
> GDP per capita, 2021: $6,018 – middle 50% of all countries
> Population, 2021: 6,958,538 – middle 50% of all countries

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12. North Korea
> 2022 Peace index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 2.94 out of 5
> 10-yr. change in peace index score: 0.7% less peaceful
> 2021 expenditure & cost to contain, prevent, and deal with violence: $9.6 billion (27% of GDP)
> Societal safety & security index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 3.11 out of 5 – top 25% of all countries
> Militarization index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 3.12 out of 5 – top 10% of all countries
> Ongoing conflict index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 2.61 out of 5 – top 25% of all countries
> GDP per capita, 2021: N/A
> Population, 2021: 25,887,045 – middle 50% of all countries

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11. Ukraine
> 2022 Peace index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 2.97 out of 5
> 10-yr. change in peace index score: 43.5% less peaceful
> 2021 expenditure & cost to contain, prevent, and deal with violence: $167.6 billion (20% of GDP)
> Societal safety & security index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 3.23 out of 5 – top 10% of all countries
> Militarization index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 2.04 out of 5 – middle 50% of all countries
> Ongoing conflict index (1-5 scale; most-least peaceful): 2.77 out of 5 – top 25% of all countries
> GDP per capita, 2021: $4,836 – middle 50% of all countries
> Population, 2021: 43,814,581 – top 25% of all countries

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