North Dakota is a state in the Midwestern United States with a population of 752,201 and land area of 69,001 square miles. It ranks as the fourth smallest state by population and the 17th largest state by area.
Race and Ethnicity
According to the most recent estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau, 85.00% of state residents identify as white, 2.70% as Black or African American, 5.10% as American Indian or Alaska Native, 1.40% as Asian, 0.00% as Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 3.50% as Hispanic or Latino, and 2.20% as some other race or combination of races.
Nationally, some 61.1% of Americans identify as white, 12.3% as Black or African American, 0.7% as American Indian or Alaska Native, 5.4% as Asian, 0.2% as Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 17.8% as Hispanic or Latino, and 2.6% as some other race or combination of races.
Census respondents are also asked to report ancestry. Some of the most commonly reported ancestries in North Dakota include German, Norwegian, Irish, English, and Swedish. Measured by location quotient -- comparing the state share to the national share -- some of the most highly concentrated ancestries in North Dakota are German Russian, Icelander, and Norwegian.
Native and foreign-born population
An estimated 96.10% of North Dakota residents are native-born, meaning they were born in the United States, Puerto Rico, a U.S. Island Area, or abroad to a U.S. citizen.
Of the 3.90% of the population that is foreign-born, 40.80% have become naturalized U.S. citizens. Nationwide, 86.5% of Americans are native-born. And of the 13.5% of Americans who are foreign-born, 48.8% have become naturalized U.S. citizens.
The population of North Dakota is younger than the United States as a whole. The median age in the state is 35.1 years old, 2.8 years less than the national median age of 37.9 years. An estimated 14.60% of the population is 65 years and over, compared to 15.2% of the U.S. population.
Family and household composition
Family and household composition also varies heavily across the United States. In North Dakota, 48.00% of households are occupied by married-couple families, compared to the 48.3% national figure. Some 4.20% of households are occupied by single male householders, 7.60% by single female householders, and 40.20% by non-family occupants. Nationwide, 4.9% of households are occupied by single male householders, 12.6% by single female householders, and 34.3% by non-family occupants. An estimated 62.70% of heads of household own their homes, compared to the national homeownership rate of 63.8%.
As is the case across the United States, English is the most commonly spoken language in North Dakota. Of the 699,400 people aged 5 and up living in North Dakota, 98.2% speak English exclusively, or, if they are multilingual, speak English very well. Not only is English the predominantly spoken language in the state, its usage is even more common than it is nationwide where an average of 91.5% of the 5 and older population only speaks English, or speak it very well.
Spanish is the second most commonly spoken language in the United States. In North Dakota, 1.8% of the population aged 5 and older speaks Spanish, the 5th smallest share among all states. Nationwide, 13.3% of all Americans in the same age group speak Spanish.
Residents of North Dakota are more likely to be married than the typical American. Of the 604,500 North Dakota residents aged 15 and older, 52.3% are currently married, compared to 48.1% of Americans nationwide in the same age group. Divorce, meanwhile, is less common in the state than it is nationwide. In North Dakota, 9.3% of the 15 and older population is divorced, compared to the 10.8% share of the same age group across the U.S. as a whole.
An estimated 31.9% of North Dakota residents 15 and older have never married, compared to one-third of Americans in the same age group.
In North Dakota, 8.1% of the 18 and over population are veterans -- above the 7.5% of adult civilians who have served in the military nationwide. Compared to other states, North Dakota is home to the 21st smallest share of military veterans.
As is the case nationwide, the largest share of veterans living in the state served in the Vietnam era. Of North Dakota’s 46,500 resident veterans, 3.8% served in World War II, 34% served in the Vietnam War, 20.5% served in the period between the beginning of the Gulf War and 2001, and 22.7% served since the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001. An additional 3,900 men and women served during the Korean War.
In North Dakota, adults are more likely to have a high school education than the typical American adult, but less likely to have a four-year college education. Among North Dakota residents 25 and older, 92.5% have a high school diploma or equivalent, and 29.5% have a bachelor’s degree or higher, compared to 87.7% and 31.5% of adults nationwide, respectively.
Though it is not always the case, incomes tend to rise with educational attainment rates across broad populations -- and North Dakota is one exception. Despite a lower than average bachelor’s degree attainment rate, the state has a higher than average median income. The typical household in North Dakota earns $63,473 a year, about $3,200 more than the national median household income of $60,293.
Still, North Dakota has a lower than average concentration of wealthy residents. An estimated 5.6% of households in the state earn $200,000 or more annually, compared to 7.0% of households nationwide.
With the higher than average median household income, serious financial hardship is less common in the state than it is nationwide. The poverty rate in North Dakota stands at 10.9%, while the national poverty rate is 14.1%.
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