The U.S. population has grown by 3.7% over the past five years. While this is historically a relatively slow growth, some urban areas have experienced explosive growth over the same period.
24/7 Wall St. reviewed five-year population change in the nation’s 382 metro areas to determine the fastest growing city in each state. The Villages, Florida grew more than any other city, with a population increase of 25.8% over the past five years.
Even the fastest growing city in a given state is not necessarily fast growing when compared to all cities nationwide. Of the 50 cities on this list, nine did not keep pace with nationwide growth. All but one of these nine cities are in the Northeast or Midwest. Recently, Americans in search of jobs and cheaper housing options have been moving out of Northeastern and Midwestern states in favor of Southern and Western states.
Domestic migration was the largest contributor to population growth in 22 of the fastest growing cities in each state. Natural population growth — births minus deaths — was the driver in 18 cities, while international migration contributed the most in the remaining 10 cities.
Because securing employment is often the first step of relocation, new residents of an area typically put downward pressure on a city’s unemployment rate. Of the fast-growing cities on this list, 36 have unemployment rates lower than the respective state rate.
Finding a job is by no means the only reason for relocating to a new city. Americans may move to take care of a family member, move in with a new spouse, find an affordable housing market to buy their first home, or, like many of the residents in the fastest growing city in America, retire.
To determine the fastest growing city in each state, 24/7 Wall St. reviewed the five-year population change between July 2011 and July 2016 in each state’s metro areas with data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s 2016 Current Population Survey. July 2016 population figures as well as the largest driver of population growth were also from this survey. Jobs added between July 2011 and July 2016 came from the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Current Employment Statistics survey. February 2017 unemployment rates came Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Local Area Unemployment Statistics.
This is the fastest growing city in each state.