Energy Business

The World's Top 10 Oil Companies

10. Canadian Natural Resources
> Proved Oil Reserves: 3.513 billion barrels
> 2013 Oil Production: 151 million barrels


> Enterprise Value: $44.24 billion
> Revenues: $16.482 billion
> Net Profit: $2.812 billion

Canada’s bitumen deposits (oil sands) have pushed the country’s proved reserves to the third highest total in the world, 173.1 billion barrels, behind only Venezuela (297.6 billion) and Saudi Arabia (267.9 barrels). This company’s crude reserves include about 2.7 billion barrels of bitumen and synthetic crude; the rest is conventional crude. The company’s CEO has already said that Canadian Natural Resources Ltd. (NYSE: CNQ) would reduce capital spending in 2015 and that he thinks crude oil prices will stabilize in the $70 to $75 range. Most of the company’s reserves are located in Canada, but it also has assets in the North Sea and offshore of West Africa.

9. ConocoPhillips
> Proved Oil Reserves: 4.779 billion barrels
> 2013 Oil Production: 258 million barrels
> Enterprise Value: $94.09 billion
> Revenues: $57.461 billion
> Net Profit: $9.395 billion

ConocoPhillips (NYSE: COP) spun off its refining and marketing business to Phillips 66 (NYSE: PSX) in 2012 and is now a pure-play exploration and production (E&P) company. Of its total proved reserves, about 2.75 billion barrels are crude oil and 2 billion are bitumen in the Canadian oil sands. Conoco has already announced a cut in 2015 capital spending, most of which will come in its unconventional (shale) plays outside North Dakota and Texas. The company has operations in Alaska, the Lower 48, the North Sea, the Middle East and South Asia.

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8. Suncor Energy
> Proved Oil Reserves: 4.372 billion barrels
> 2013 Oil Production: 193 million barrels
> Enterprise Value: $46.665 billion
> Revenues: $36.475 billion
> Net Profit: $2.735 billion

Suncor Energy Inc. (NYSE: SU) is the leading producer of synthetic crude from bitumen in the Canadian oil sands. All but about 330 million barrels of Suncor’s reserves are one of these two types. The company also has assets off the east coast of Canada and in the North Sea, as well as onshore assets in North America, Libya and Syria. The company also owns and operates the largest biofuels plant in Canada, making 400 million liters of ethanol a year.

7. Total
> Proved Oil Reserves: 5.413 billion barrels
> 2013 Oil Production: 426 million barrels
> Enterprise Value: $149.675 billion
> Revenues: $212.723 billion
> Net Profit: $11.56 billion

About 20% of Total’s reserves are bitumen from its operations in Canada, but the majority of the France-based company’s reserves are in the African nations of Angola, Gabon, Nigeria and Congo. Total S.A. (NYSE: TOT) also holds reserves in the North Sea, Canada, Argentina, Venezuela, the Middle East and Asia. Total is a 50/50 partner with ConocoPhillips in phase two of the Surmont project in Alberta’s oil sands. Neither company has revealed the cost of the project, but an estimate in 2010 when the project was announced put the price tag at $3.3 billion.

6. Chevron
> Proved Oil Reserves: 6.345 billion barrels
> 2013 Oil Production: 632 million barrels
> Enterprise Value: $210.71 billion
> Revenues: $204.024 billion
> Net Profit: $20.7 billion

Chevron Corp. (NYSE: CVX) has less exposure to the Canadian oil sands than many other companies on this list. Of its proved reserves total, only about 750 million barrels are bitumen. Of the remaining 5.6 billion barrels, 1.33 billion are located in the United States, 1.1 billion are in Africa and the rest are counted in Asia, Australia and Europe. Chevron has little exposure to shale oil at present, but it does hold leases in the Permian Basin.

5. Royal Dutch Shell
> Proved Oil Reserves: 6.621 billion barrels
> 2013 Oil Production: 564 million barrels
> Enterprise Value: $222.906 billion
> Revenues: $437.974 billion
> Net Profit: $16.06 billion

Royal Dutch Shell PLC (NYSE: RDS-A) has been shedding assets all year and postponing expensive projects in an effort to improve shareholder returns. The company plans to sell $15 billion in assets by the end of next year and has already parted with about $12 billion. The company’s E&P head said in late November that the company tests all its projects at a crude oil price of $70 to $110 a barrel and that Shell had no plans to increase its divestitures. Oil was priced at around $80 a barrel then. Now that crude has fallen to around $60 a barrel, the Anglo-Dutch giant may be rethinking its plans. About 2.15 billion barrels of Shell’s reserves are located in the Canadian oil sands.

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4. BP
> Proved Oil Reserves: 10.07 billion barrels
> 2013 Oil Production: 733 million barrels
> Enterprise Value: $133.556 billion
> Revenues: $373.783 billion
> Net Profit: $9.229 billion

Since the April 2010 explosion at the Macondo well in the Gulf of Mexico that killed 11 workers and spilled millions of barrels of crude into the sea, BP PLC (NYSE: BP) has sold more than $43 billion worth of refining, transportation and production assets. The U.K.-based company plans to sell another $10 billion worth of assets, but it may find current low crude prices to be a serious headwind. BP expects to begin production on its first oil sands project this year and has two more in the works. The company is also a non-operating partner in a few Eagle Ford and Anadarko shale plays.

3. PetroChina
> Proved Oil Reserves: 11.314 billion barrels
> 2013 Oil Production: 932.9 million barrels
> Enterprise Value: $362.749 billion
> Revenues: $379.553 billion
> Net Profit: $21.236 billion

PetroChina Co. Ltd. (NYSE: PTR) is the one of two companies on this list that is controlled by its government. The Chinese government owns about 86% of the company’s stock through its ownership of China National Petroleum Company, PetroChina’s parent. More than 60% of the company’s proved crude oil reserves are located in China. The company has been a purchaser of foreign assets for about two years, and it is expected to spin off parts of two of its Chinese operating companies next year as part of a plan to dilute government ownership of the company.

2. Petrobras
> Proved Oil Reserves: 11.04 billion barrels
> 2013 Oil Production: 715.4 million barrels
> Enterprise Value: $142.534 billion
> Revenues: $146.297 billion
> Net Profit: $9.083 billion

Petroleo Brasileiro S.A. (NYSE: PBR), or Petrobras as the company is widely known, hit the big time in oil reserves with the discovery of deepwater assets that have jumped the country’s total proved reserves to 15th in the world with 13.15 billion barrels, of which Petrobras holds about 85%. The Brazilian government owns 48% of the company’s stock and controls virtually every decision the company makes. Petrobras added 1.22 billion barrels to its proved reserves in 2013, but the company’s problem is not how much oil it has, rather how much it does or doesn’t produce and the price that the government will allow the company to charge for its refined products. Debt levels are climbing too as the cost for developing the company’s offshore assets is massive.

1. Exxon Mobil
> Proved Oil Reserves: 11.76 billion barrels
> 2013 Oil Production: 709 million barrels
> Enterprise Value: $401.5 billion
> Revenues: $392.843 billion
> Net Profit: $34.3 billion

Like all but a few of the companies on this list, Exxon Mobil Corp. (NYSE: XOM) holds a good-sized piece of the action in Canada’s oil sands. The portion of the company’s reserves that are down to bitumen and synthetic crude totals about 4.2 billion barrels. Like its mega-sized peers, operations are spread around the globe. Also like essentially all of its peers, the company has been a late-comer to the shale oil explosion. Still, it is not too late for Exxon and the others to catch up, and the falling price of crude could help them with that.

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