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The Eight Cities Where Minorities Are Now in the Majority

8. Jackson, MS
> White pop. 2000: 53%
> White pop. 2010: 48%
> Pop. increase 2000-2010: 41,860
> Minority pop. change 2000-2010: +42,630

> White pop. change 2000-2010: -770

Jackson, which makes up most of the Jackson metropolitan statistical area (MSA), now has a more nonwhites than whites. While Jackson’s total population increased by nearly 42,000 people between 2000 and 2010, the white population dropped by nearly 800 people. According to Brookings, the growing population has been almost entirely Hispanic. The organization also notes that this demographic shift has coincided with a rise in segregation in city neighborhoods.

7.  Las Vegas, NV
> White pop. 2000: 60%
> White pop. 2010: 48%
> Pop. increase 2000-2010: 575,504
> Minority pop. change 2000-2010: +468,218
> White pop. change 2000-2010: +107,286

Las Vegas has experienced the greatest decline in white population in the country, with a decrease of 12 percentage points. Hispanics currently make up 29% of the metropolitan area’s population, and this share is expected to increase over time. According to the Nevada Department of Education, Hispanic students make up the largest student group in the state. Because of the widespread use of Spanish, it takes several years before students are proficient in English, according to the Superintendent of Public Instruction for the Nevada Department of Education, as reported by Nevada’s KLAS-TV 8 News NOW.

6. Memphis, TN
> White pop. 2000: 52%
> White pop. 2010: 46%
> Pop. increase 2000-2010: 110,896
> Minority pop. change 2000-2010: +127,604
> White pop. change 2000-2010: -16,708

The Memphis, Tennessee, MSA added more 110,000 people between 2000 and 2010, roughly an 8% increase of the population, even as it lost more than 16,000 white residents. The nonwhite population now eclipses the former majority of whites 54% to 46%. According to regional newspaper The Tri-State Defender, the city is seeking to follow “The Atlanta Model,” where Mayor Richard Duffy’s established programs are designed to encourage minority entrepreneurs. If this is successful, we may see the numbers of African-Americans continue to increase in the region.

5. Modesto, CA
> White pop. 2000: 57%
> White pop. 2010: 47%
> Pop. increase 2000-2010: 67,456
> Minority pop. change 2000-2010: +83,034
> White pop. change 2000-2010: -15,578

Forty-two percent of Modesto’s total population is Hispanic. The state’s poor economy has hurt minorities in California particularly hard. For white people, the unemployment rate in the state in July 2011 was 11.6%. For Hispanics, the rate was 14.3%. For the entire Modesto population, unemployment is 17.5% — the fifth highest in the country.

4. New York City, NY
> White pop. 2000: 53%
> White pop. 2010: 49%
> Pop. increase 2000-2010: 574,107
> Minority pop. change 2000-2010: +1,132,670
> White pop. change 2000-2010: -558,563

The largest MSA in the U.S. is in and around New York City, and it has more than 18.8 million people. Over the past decade, the greater New York region has lost more than half a million white residents, while gaining 1.1. million nonwhites. Whites now represent 49% of the population, with Hispanics representing 23%, African-Americans 16% andAsians 10%. To date, New York, Los Angeles and San Fransisco contain more than a third of the total Hispanic population of the U.S.

3.  Oxnard, CA
> White pop. 2000: 57%
> White pop. 2010: 49%
> Pop. increase 2000-2010: 70,121
> Minority pop. change 2000-2010: +96,702
> White pop. change 2000-2010: -26,581

The Oxnard metropolitan area, with a population currently about 820,000, has added just under 80,000 Hispanic residents since 2000 and lost more than 25,000 white residents. Hispanics have gone from making up 33% of the population in 2000 to 40% in 2010. The Ventura County Star notes that the growth may continue as “agriculture remains the county’s economic engine and one of the largest employers of Latinos.”

2. San Diego, CA
> White pop. 2000: 55%
> White pop. 2010: 48%
> Pop. increase 2000-2010: 281,480
> Minority pop. change 2000-2010: +330,266
> While Pop. change 2000-2010: -48,786

In 1990, 68% of the population of the San Diego MSA was white. Over the course of just two decades, that number dropped to 48%. The Southern California area is now 32% Hispanic and has the tenth-largest population of Hispanics among all major U.S. cities, at approximately 990,000. A third of those residents were added in just the past 10 years.

1.  Washington, DC
> White pop. 2000: 55%
> White pop. 2010: 49%
> Pop. increase 2000-2010: 785,987
> Minority pop. change 2000-2010: +727,968
> White pop. change 2000-2010: +58,019

Washington DC falls within the top ten metropolitan areas for largest growth of the black, Asian and Hispanic populations. The city’s white population increased as well, though the percentage of whites among the overall population has decreased. According to a report by the Northern Virginia Regional Commission, the number of students in DC schools has grown by almost 119,000 from 1995 to 2010. Of those, a little more than 1,000 are white.

Charles B. Stockdale, Michael B. Sauter, Douglas A. McIntyre

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