Special Report

10 Countries Sheltering the Most Refugees

10. China
> Total refugee population:
301,052
> Total native population: 1.36 billion
> Est. number of refugees admitted in 2014: N/A
> Country of origin of most refugees: Vietnam

More than 300,000 refugees — people with well-founded fears of persecution who have migrated to other countries for protection — currently live in China, the 10th largest such population in the world. Unlike other countries hosting the most refugees, however, the number of refugees in China has remained largely unchanged since the 1980s after a large Vietnamese population settled in the country. Without a steady influx of refugees, it is unsurprising that very few refugees in China are children. Only 27% of refugees in the country were under 18 as of 2014, well below the global average share of 51%.

9. Uganda
> Total refugee population:
385,513
> Total native population: 36.8 million
> Est. number of refugees admitted in 2014: 142,000
> Country of origin of most refugees: South Sudan

Uganda’s refugee population increased by more than 140,000 to 385,513 in 2014. The majority of refugees are in the country to escape the ongoing civil war in South Sudan. In December 2013, South Sudanese President Salva Kiir accused his vice president of plotting a coup. The accusation prompted a number of rebel groups to seize towns, killing thousands in the process. According to the United Nations, more than a million South Sudanese have been forced to leave their homes, with the majority fleeing to Ethiopia, Uganda, and Sudan. In Uganda, more than 60% of all refugees are children, the fifth highest such figure in the world. In addition to refugees from South Sudan, more than 13,000 people from the Democratic Republic of Congo — where militias kill, rape, and destroy the homes of many residents — sought protection in Uganda in 2014.

8. Chad
> Total refugee population:
452,897
> Total native population: 11 million
> Est. number of refugees admitted in 2014: 19,000
> Country of origin of most refugees: Central African Republic

The refugee population in Chad, a country in Central Africa, increased for the 13th consecutive year, most recently as the result of clashes between Christian and Muslim militant groups in Central African Republic. As a result of the conflicts, more than one-quarter of the population in CAR has been displaced, with many fleeing to surrounding countries such as Chad. While Chad receives supplies from the international community to support its refugee population, resources may be further strained if the country’s refugee population continues to grow. As of 2014, there were 34.3 refugees per 1,000 Chadians, the fourth highest such ratio in the world.