Special Report

40 Health Resolutions Doctors Want You to Keep in 2019

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6. Don’t trust celebrity-endorsed products

When it comes to fad diets, supposedly healthy new products or magical workouts, “the truth is we don’t know if they are safe,” Dua said. “They have not been in existence for too long.” There is not enough evidence to conclude whether the products are doing more harm than good. “So do your research and ask your doctor first.”

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7. Wear sunblock

“Americans spend a lot of time in the sun but don’t protect their skin from it,” Dua said. Ultraviolet radiation hurts the skin year-round, not just in the summer. But most Americans don’t do anything to protect themselves, according to research. UV radiation, the most preventable risk factor for skin cancer, can penetrate clouds and reach your skin, if it’s not covered. Only 14.3% of men and 29.9% of women regularly use sunscreen on their face and other exposed skin.

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8. Wear a helmet when required

“I see too many preventable injuries, especially in children,” Dua said. Every hour, 25 kids are treated in emergency rooms across the country for bicycle-related injuries. About 11% of them are in for traumatic brain injuries. The age group with the most injuries is 10 to 14 year olds, who tend to not wear a helmet.

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9. Lock guns away

About a third of homes with children in the United States have guns, and 2 million children live in a house where guns are unlocked and loaded, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics. “We don’t even enter a home without asking about guns,” Dua said. “Some patients get very offended, but we want to make sure your kids are safe.” Every year, about 1,300 children die and about 6,000 are treated for wounds that occurred from playing with guns.

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10. Replace juices with water

“Many patients I see think they have a lot of water because they had coffee or fruit juice,” Pidich said. Fruit juices and soda add 1,000 extra calories a week, which equals several pounds of weight gain a month, she noted. “Nothing replaces water.” Moreover, coffee is a diuretic, which causes you to lose weight and all the nutrients it transports to the rest of your body.