We take for granted the ability to drink fresh, clean water when we turn on the tap. But that was not the reality 150 years ago, and sadly it is still not the reality for many people around the world.To focus attention on the importance of freshwater, the United Nations observed the very first World Water Day on March 22, 1993. Now, as the 27th annual World Water Day approaches, an estimated 884 million people worldwide — nearly triple the U.S. population — lack basic access to clean drinking water.
24/7 Wall St. reviewed data from the 2017 report “Progress on Drinking Water, Sanitation and Hygiene,” published by World Health Organization and UNICEF in a joint effort to identify the countries with the worst access to drinking water.
While we hear of U.S. communities with contaminated water — like Flint, Michigan — the percentage of Americans who lack access to clean water is very small at 0.8%. Among the countries on this list, however, anywhere from 33% to 81% of the population lacks basic access to clean water — meaning clean water is either unattainable or takes more than 30 minutes to collect.
People without access to clean water are at increased risk of contracting waterborne diseases than can result in serious illness and even death. Partly due to the health risks posed by consumption of contaminated water, in each of the countries on this list, life expectancy is below the global average of 72 years. Most of these countries are located in Africa, and some of their developmental challenges are caused by rampant corruption. Many also rank among the poorest countries in the world.
Access to contaminant-free water is recognized by the U.N. as a fundamental human right. With that principle in mind, the U.N. resolved to achieve universal access to clean, affordable drinking water by 2030 by building on the progress of recent years. In 2000, 18.9% of the world population lacked basic access to clean water. As of 2015, that share dropped to 11.5%.