Special Report

States With the Most Hate Groups per Capita

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17. Alabama
> Hate groups in 2019: 3.26 per million people (total: 16)
> Hate groups in 2010: 6.90 per million people — 7th highest (total: 33)
> Pct. pop. identifying as white: 67.8% — 14th lowest
> Pct. pop. foreign born: 3.6% — 5th lowest
> Median household income: $51,734 — 5th lowest

Alabama is one of few states on this list where the total number of hate groups has significantly decreased since 2010, from 33 in 2010 to 16 in 2019. The state is home to about as many Black separatist hate groups as white supremacist hate groups. Just over one in four Alabama residents identify as Black, the fifth highest share of any state, compared to a national average of 12.8%. About 67.8% of residents are white, compared to 72.0% nationwide.

Hate groups tend to be concentrated in poorer areas, and about 15.5% of Alabama residents live in poverty, a higher poverty rate than the national rate of 12.3%. The median household income in Alabama is the fifth lowest in the U.S. and about $14,000 less than the national median household income of $65,712.

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16. South Carolina
> Hate groups in 2019: 3.30 per million people (total: 17)
> Hate groups in 2010: 6.47 per million people — 8th highest (total: 30)
> Pct. pop. identifying as white: 66.7% — 10th lowest
> Pct. pop. foreign born: 5.6% — 19th lowest
> Median household income: $56,227 — 10th lowest

Like Alabama, about half of the hate groups that were active in South Carolina in 2010 no longer are. Down from 30 hate groups a decade ago, there are now 17 active hate groups in the state, five of which, including the KKK, operate statewide. South Carolina’s population racial makeup is similar to that of Alabama. Of the nearly 5.1 million residents, 66.7% identify as white and 26.5% identify as Black, compared to national averages of 72.0% and 12.8%, respectively.

South Carolina is one of three states without a law criminalizing attacks on people based on their race or ethnicity. FBI statistics show that there were more hate crimes in the state in 2018 than in 2017, the most recent year of available data, especially hate crimes based on religion.

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15. Maryland
> Hate groups in 2019: 3.31 per million people (total: 20)
> Hate groups in 2010: 2.94 per million people — 23rd lowest (total: 17)
> Pct. pop. identifying as white: 54.5% — 2nd lowest
> Pct. pop. foreign born: 15.4% — 9th highest
> Median household income: $86,738 — the highest

Maryland has a total of 20 active hate groups, up from 17 in 2010. Five of these groups, the majority of which hold a white supremacist ideology, operate statewide.

Hatred is not exclusively racially motivated in Maryland. Other hate groups include one known anti-LGBTQ group, one anti-Muslim group, and one known anti-immigrant group. In Maryland, 15.4% of residents were born outside of the United States, a larger immigrant population than in the majority of states and higher than the national average of 13.7%.

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14. Kentucky
> Hate groups in 2019: 3.36 per million people (total: 15)
> Hate groups in 2010: 3.45 per million people — 25th highest (total: 15)
> Pct. pop. identifying as white: 86.7% — 10th highest
> Pct. pop. foreign born: 4.4% — 11th lowest
> Median household income: $52,295 — 7th lowest

Of the 15 known hate groups in Kentucky, four are active KKK groups. Indiana and Tennessee are the only other states with as many active Klan chapters — and they both have a population larger by more than 2 million. Other hate groups in the state include Revolutionary Black Panther Party, a Black separatist group in Louisville, and League of the South, a neo-Confederate group operating in McKee.

Hate groups tend to be concentrated in poorer, less educated areas. The typical household in Kentucky earns just $52,295 a year, about $13,000 less than the typical American household. Additionally, just 25.1% of adults in the state have a bachelor’s degree, the fifth lowest share or any state, compared to 33.1% of adults nationwide.

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13. Missouri
> Hate groups in 2019: 3.42 per million people (total: 21)
> Hate groups in 2010: 4.34 per million people — 17th highest (total: 26)
> Pct. pop. identifying as white: 81.8% — 20th highest
> Pct. pop. foreign born: 4.3% — 10th lowest
> Median household income: $57,409 — 13th lowest

Missouri is one of three Midwestern states to rank on this list. Ten of the 21 hate groups active in the state are based either in Kansas City or St. Louis. Those groups include several Black separatist groups, an anti-Muslim group known as Act for America, and a Proud Boys chapter.

Missouri is far less racially diverse than the country as a whole. About 81.8% of state residents identify as white, compared to 72.0% of the U.S. population.

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