Special Report

America's Most Segregated Cities

16. Dayton, OH
> Black ppl. in black neighborhoods: 28.7%
> Black population: 15.5%
> Black poverty rate: 33.0%
> White poverty rate: 13.3%

All metro areas are segregated to some degree. Dayton Ohio is one of the most segregated communities in the country. Of the city’s 124,000 black residents, 28.7% live in dayton-oh-mapneighborhoods that are at least 80% black, the 16th highest share compared with other large metro areas. By contrast, 23.9% of large metro area residents who identify as black
live in predominantly black neighborhoods.

Segregation in communities can determine the quality of schools and medical facilities, access to public transportation, and residents’ positions in the labor market. The segregation present in Dayton may explain the unequal outcomes that occur along racial lines in the metro area. Roughly 18% of the area’s black people are unemployed, compared to 6.8% of Dayton’s white residents.

Click image to enlarge

15. Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV
> Black ppl. in black neighborhoods: 29.3%
> Black population: 24.9%
> Black poverty rate: 13.4%
> White poverty rate: 5.6%

Our nation’s capital is one of the most segregated metropolitan areas in the United States. Slightly less than 30% of the city’s black residents live in predominately black neighborhoods. The metro area is effectively split in half, with washington-arlington-alexandria-dc-va-md-wvthe vast majority of these neighborhoods located on the east side of the city.

While segregation has led to a variety of poor outcomes in the D.C. area, the social disparities between white and black residents is not always as extreme as in many cities. Nearly 90% of the area’s African American adults have graduated high school compared to 92.9% of the area’s white residents. Similarly, 31.3% of black residents have a college degree compared to 35.3% of white residents. Nationwide, the college attainment rate is 21.0% for black adults and 34.9% for white adults.

Click image to enlarge

14. Baton Rouge, LA
> Black ppl. in black neighborhoods: 30.6%
> Black population: 35.4%
> Black poverty rate: 27.8%
> White poverty rate: 11.3%

The Baton Rouge metropolitan area has one of the largest black populations. About 35% of the Louisiana capital’s 814,000 residents are African American, among the largest proportions nationwide. Of these 288,000 black residents, 30.6% live in neighborhoods that are predominately black. As is the case nationwide, black neighborhoods in Baton Rouge are far more likely to be low-income neighborhoods, usually in stark contrast with wealthier white neighborhoods. The poverty rate among black area residents, at 27.8%, dwarfs that of whites, at 11.3%.baton-rouge-la

A recent development that points to the deep racial divide in Baton Rouge is a movement by a predominantly upper-middle class white neighborhood that sought to break off from the east Baton Rouge school district to start its own municipality. The petition nearly acquired enough signatures. The move would have left the remaining poor black schools with even fewer resources.

Click image to enlarge