Special Report

Countries Americans Can’t Visit Without Permission

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International travel can be complicated if tourists are not prepared. Dealing with foreign languages, customs, and currency can be difficult — though that only becomes a problem if you are able to get into the country.

Many nations require tourists to have visas to get in. Visas are essentially a stamp of approval from a foreign nation that the holder is legally allowed to enter that country. To issue a visa, countries generally require a passport, photo, and application from visa applicants. Some also charge a fee.

Americans have some of the strongest passports in the world, meaning they can travel to a large number of countries without needing a visa — but this is not the case for every country.

24/7 Wall St. reviewed each country’s visa requirements, as provided by CIBTvisas, to determine the countries Americans need a visa to visit as tourists. These countries were ranked on the number of tourists that visit them each year.

Wealthier countries tend to be more strict about their visas as they want to ensure that visa holders do not overstay their welcome — yet it is not always that simple. Some countries charge a high fee, require photo ID, or demand to know exact dates of travel before they issue a visa. This process can often be complicated by political friction between two countries.

To determine the countries Americans need visas to visit, 24/7 Wall St. reviewed CIBTvisas’ data on which countries require tourists to obtain a visa before they visit for any amount of time. Countries that only require visas for trips that last a certain amount of time were excluded. GDP per capita and population figures come from the International Monetary Fund and are for the most recent available years. International tourism information comes from World Bank for 2017.

Click here to see the countries Americans need a visa to visit.

Source: Dmitry Malov / Getty Images

50. Tuvalu
> Population: 0.01 million
> GDP per capita: $2,892
> Total tourists in 2017: 2,500

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Source: Darcy Burbank / Wikimedia Commons

49. Chad
> Population: N/A
> GDP per capita: N/A
> Total tourists in 2017: 0.09 million

Source: DmitryTrashchenko / Getty Images

48. Burkina Faso
> Population: 18.65 million
> GDP per capita: $1,642
> Total tourists in 2017: 0.14 million

Source: evenfh / Getty Images

47. Gambia
> Population: 2.04 million
> GDP per capita: $2,369
> Total tourists in 2017: 0.16 million

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Source: elenacastaldi77 / Getty Images

46. Niger
> Population: N/A
> GDP per capita: N/A
> Total tourists in 2017: 0.16 million

Source: dutourdumonde / Getty Images

45. Mali
> Population: 16.59 million
> GDP per capita: $1,781
> Total tourists in 2017: 0.19 million

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Source: thierry64 / Getty Images

44. Republic of Congo
> Population: N/A
> GDP per capita: N/A
> Total tourists in 2017: 0.21 million

Source: mihtiander / Getty Images

43. Madagascar
> Population: 21.08 million
> GDP per capita: $1,390
> Total tourists in 2017: 0.26 million

Source: Kardd / Getty Images

42. Bhutan
> Population: 0.78 million
> GDP per capita: $7,299
> Total tourists in 2017: 0.26 million

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Source: WJRVisuals / Getty Images

41. Angola
> Population: 26.68 million
> GDP per capita: $6,945
> Total tourists in 2017: 0.26 million

Source: Thinkstock

40. Suriname
> Population: 0.58 million
> GDP per capita: $13,481
> Total tourists in 2017: 0.28 million

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39. Benin
> Population: 10.84 million
> GDP per capita: $1,992
> Total tourists in 2017: 0.28 million

Source: Christine Vaufrey / Flickr

38. Burundi
> Population: N/A
> GDP per capita: N/A
> Total tourists in 2017: 0.30 million

Source: DouglasOlivares / Getty Images

37. Venezuela
> Population: 28.52 million
> GDP per capita: $16,837
> Total tourists in 2017: 0.43 million

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Source: shkonst / Getty Images

36. Tajikistan
> Population: 8.36 million
> GDP per capita: $2,546
> Total tourists in 2017: 0.43 million

Source: Thinkstock

35. Togo
> Population: 7.61 million
> GDP per capita: $1,449
> Total tourists in 2017: 0.50 million

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Source: jalvarezg / Getty Images

34. Cape Verde
> Population: 0.53 million
> GDP per capita: $6,212
> Total tourists in 2017: 0.67 million

Source: ferozeea / Getty Images

33. Sudan
> Population: 32.66 million
> GDP per capita: $5,230
> Total tourists in 2017: 0.81 million

Source: Sabinoparente / iStock

32. Malawi
> Population: 18.63 million
> GDP per capita: $1,016
> Total tourists in 2017: 0.84 million

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Source: Thinkstock

31. Ethiopia
> Population: 91.20 million
> GDP per capita: $1,804
> Total tourists in 2017: 0.93 million

Source: Devilkae / Getty Images

30. Nepal
> Population: 28.66 million
> GDP per capita: $2,314
> Total tourists in 2017: 0.94 million

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Source: Byelikova_Oksana / Getty Images

29. Bolivia
> Population: 10.24 million
> GDP per capita: $5,793
> Total tourists in 2017: 1.13 million

Source: squashedbox / Getty Images

28. Tanzania
> Population: 44.93 million
> GDP per capita: $2,363
> Total tourists in 2017: 1.27 million

Source: EXTREME-PHOTOGRAPHER / Getty Images

27. Maldives
> Population: 0.34 million
> GDP per capita: $16,373
> Total tourists in 2017: 1.39 million

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Source: Leandro Neumann Ciuffo / Flickr

26. Uganda
> Population: 36.56 million
> GDP per capita: $2,115
> Total tourists in 2017: 1.40 million

Source: Thinkstock

25. Mozambique
> Population: 27.98 million
> GDP per capita: $1,120
> Total tourists in 2017: 1.45 million

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Source: Donyanedomam / Getty Images

24. Paraguay
> Population: 6.95 million
> GDP per capita: $11,621
> Total tourists in 2017: 1.58 million

Source: rahan1991 / Getty Images

23. Côte d’Ivoire
> Population: 23.71 million
> GDP per capita: $3,189
> Total tourists in 2017: 1.80 million

Source: Thinkstock

22. Lebanon
> Population: 4.43 million
> GDP per capita: $16,729
> Total tourists in 2017: 1.86 million

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Source: traumschoen / Getty Images

21. Sri Lanka
> Population: 21.44 million
> GDP per capita: $11,691
> Total tourists in 2017: 2.12 million

Source: Ahmed_Abdel_Hamid / Getty Images

20. Qatar
> Population: 2.74 million
> GDP per capita: $112,819
> Total tourists in 2017: 2.26 million

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Source: Thinkstock

19. Oman
> Population: 4.13 million
> GDP per capita: $41,821
> Total tourists in 2017: 2.37 million

Source: Thinkstock

18. Zimbabwe
> Population: 13.06 million
> GDP per capita: $2,082
> Total tourists in 2017: 2.42 million

Source: muha04 / Getty Images

17. Algeria
> Population: 41.54 million
> GDP per capita: $13,786
> Total tourists in 2017: 2.45 million

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Source: Thinkstock

16. Azerbaijan
> Population: 9.59 million
> GDP per capita: $16,824
> Total tourists in 2017: 2.45 million

Source: efesenko / iStock

15. Uzbekistan
> Population: 29.99 million
> GDP per capita: $5,109
> Total tourists in 2017: 2.69 million

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Source: Kantarote / Getty Images

14. Lao P.D.R.
> Population: 6.59 million
> GDP per capita: $6,371
> Total tourists in 2017: 3.26 million

Source: Soft_Light / Getty Images

13. Myanmar
> Population: 51.85 million
> GDP per capita: $5,111
> Total tourists in 2017: 3.44 million

Source: silverjohn / Getty Images

12. Jordan
> Population: 9.16 million
> GDP per capita: $8,490
> Total tourists in 2017: 3.84 million

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Source: silverjohn / Getty Images

11. Islamic Republic of Iran
> Population: 81.42 million
> GDP per capita: $18,303
> Total tourists in 2017: 4.87 million

Source: efired / Getty Images

10. Cambodia
> Population: 14.86 million
> GDP per capita: $2,791
> Total tourists in 2017: 5.60 million

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Source: Yuri de Mesquita Bar / Getty Images

9. Brazil
> Population: 206.10 million
> GDP per capita: $14,184
> Total tourists in 2017: 6.59 million

Source: Thinkstock

8. Egypt
> Population: 94.80 million
> GDP per capita: $11,541
> Total tourists in 2017: 8.16 million

Source: africanpix / Getty Images

7. Australia
> Population: 24.77 million
> GDP per capita: $45,802
> Total tourists in 2017: 8.82 million

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Source: typhoonski / Getty Images

6. Bahrain
> Population: 1.42 million
> GDP per capita: $43,791
> Total tourists in 2017: 11.37 million

Source: SimonDannhauer / Getty Images

5. Vietnam
> Population: 92.69 million
> GDP per capita: $5,956
> Total tourists in 2017: 12.92 million

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Source: Muhammad Mahdi Karim / Wikimedia Commons

4. India
> Population: 1.25 billion
> GDP per capita: $5,190
> Total tourists in 2017: 15.54 million

Source: Thinkstock

3. Russia
> Population: 143.99 million
> GDP per capita: $25,353
> Total tourists in 2017: 24.39 million

Source: Seqoya / Getty Images

2. Turkey
> Population: 80.81 million
> GDP per capita: $24,586
> Total tourists in 2017: 37.60 million

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Source: Thinkstock

1. China
> Population: 1.39 billion
> GDP per capita: $15,175
> Total tourists in 2017: 60.74 million

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