Special Report

The Most Common Types of Cancer in Men and Women

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20. Pharynx
> Est. new cases in 2019: 17,870
> Diagnosis by gender: 80.9% male, 19.1% female
> Est. deaths in 2019: 3,450
> Deaths by gender: 77.1% male, 22.9% female

The pharynx is located in the back of the throat and is a part of the human digestive system. The ACS estimates there will be 17,870 new diagnoses of pharynx cancer in 2019, disproportionately affecting men. Aging, tobacco use, excessive alcohol consumption, and asbestos exposure are all risk factors for pharynx cancer.

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19. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
> Est. new cases in 2019: 20,720
> Diagnosis by gender: 62.2% male, 37.8% female
> Est. deaths in 2019: 3,930
> Deaths by gender: 56.5% male, 43.5% female

Leukemia is a certain kind of cancer than begins in blood-producing cells of the bone marrow and eventually spreads to other parts of the body. Though acute myeloid leukemia is slightly more common overall, chronic lymphocytic leukemia is the most common form of leukemia in adults. Chronic leukemia is more difficult to treat than acute leukemia and is more commonly detected in men.

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18. Acute myeloid leukemia
> Est. new cases in 2019: 21,450
> Diagnosis by gender: 54.3% male, 45.7% female
> Est. deaths in 2019: 10,920
> Deaths by gender: 57.6% male, 42.4% female

Acute myeloid leukemia, or AML, is most common in adults, though it can also occur in children. There are multiple different subtypes of AML, and each can affect the prognosys. Men are at a slightly higher risk of developing AML than women.

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17. Ovary
> Est. new cases in 2019: 22,530
> Diagnosis by gender: 100% female
> Est. deaths in 2019: 13,980
> Deaths by gender: 100% female

Ovarian cancer, which originates in the ovaries, is one of only three types of cancer that only affects half of the population and is still estimated to affect over 22,000 Americans this year. Nearly 14,000 women will likely die from ovarian cancer in 2019.

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16. Brain & other nervous system
> Est. new cases in 2019: 23,820
> Diagnosis by gender: 56.3% male, 43.7% female
> Est. deaths in 2019: 17,760
> Deaths by gender: 55.8% male, 44.2% female

Brain cancer is the presence of a malignant tumor or tumors in the brain or spinal cord. An estimated 23,820 Americans will be diagnosed with brain and other nervous system cancers this year, and 17,760 will likely die. Symptoms include sleepiness, confusion, and seizures.