Here Is the Poverty Rate for Every Quantifiable Group in the United States

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Race and Ethnicity

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White alone, not hispanic
> Total group size: 194.8 million people
> Group members living below the poverty line: 15.7 million people
> Group poverty rate: 8.1%

Americans who identify as white are the least likely racial group to live below the poverty line. Among the 194.8 million non-Hispanic whites living in the United States, 8.1% live in poverty, a considerably smaller share than the 11.8% national poverty rate.

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Asian alone
> Total group size: 19.8 million people
> Group members living below the poverty line: 2.0 million people
> Group poverty rate: 10.1%

Americans of Asian descent are less likely to live in poverty than the typical American but more likely to live in poverty than white Americans. Of the nearly 20 million Americans who identify as Asian, 10.1% live below the poverty line — below the 11.8% overall poverty rate but higher than the 8.1% rate among white Americans.

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Hispanic (any race)
> Total group size: 60.0 million people
> Group members living below the poverty line: 10.5 million people
> Group poverty rate: 17.6%

Hispanic Americans, or those who speak Spanish — often of Latin American descent — are far more likely than the typical American to live below the poverty line. Of the 60 million Americans who identify as Hispanic, 17.6% live in poverty, compared to 11.8% of all Americans.

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Black alone
> Total group size: 42.8 million people
> Group members living below the poverty line: 8.9 million people
> Group poverty rate: 20.8%

Black Americans are more than twice as likely to live below the poverty line as white Americans. More than one in every five of the 42.8 million Americans who identify as black live below the poverty line, compared to less than one in every 10 white Americans.

In October 2019, the black unemployment rate hit a record low of 5.4%, which suggests the poverty rate among black Americans could soon fall as well. Still, black Americans are far more likely to be out of a job than other groups in the United States, as the national unemployment stands at 3.6%.

Citizenship Status

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People born in the US
> Total group size: 278.1 million people
> Group members living below the poverty line: 31.8 million people
> Group poverty rate: 11.4%

People who were born in the United States are slightly less likely to face serious financial hardship than those who live here but were born abroad. Some 11.4% of native-born Americans live below the poverty line, slightly below the 11.8% poverty rate overall.