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How COVID-19 Is Being Underreported in Most States

Hawaii
> Total excess deaths, Mar. 1 to May 9: 11 — 2nd fewest (0.5% more than expected)
> Confirmed COVID-19 deaths, Mar. 1 to May 9: 17 — 4th fewest (154.5% of excess deaths)
> Excess deaths excluding confirmed COVID-19 deaths, Mar. 1 to May 9: none
> Testing rate as of May 18: 2,968 per 100,000 residents — 21st fewest
> Positive test rate as of May 18: 1.5% — 2nd lowest
> Population density: 129.9 persons per square mile — 20th most

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Idaho
> Total excess deaths, Mar. 1 to May 9: 110 — 11th fewest (3.8% more than expected)
> Confirmed COVID-19 deaths, Mar. 1 to May 9: 67 — 11th fewest (60.9% of excess deaths)
> Excess deaths excluding confirmed COVID-19 deaths, Mar. 1 to May 9: 43 — 5th fewest (39.1% of excess deaths)
> Testing rate as of May 18: 2,078 per 100,000 residents — the fewest
> Positive test rate as of May 18: 6.6% — 18th lowest
> Population density: 21.0 persons per square mile — 7th fewest

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Illinois
> Total excess deaths, Mar. 1 to May 9: 4,843 — 6th most (19.0% more than expected)
> Confirmed COVID-19 deaths, Mar. 1 to May 9: 3,349 — 6th most (69.2% of excess deaths)
> Excess deaths excluding confirmed COVID-19 deaths, Mar. 1 to May 9: 1,494 — 6th most (30.8% of excess deaths)
> Testing rate as of May 18: 4,735 per 100,000 residents — 12th most
> Positive test rate as of May 18: 16.0% — 9th highest
> Population density: 220.0 persons per square mile — 12th most

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Indiana
> Total excess deaths, Mar. 1 to May 9: 1,637 — 14th most (11.1% more than expected)
> Confirmed COVID-19 deaths, Mar. 1 to May 9: 1,362 — 13th most (83.2% of excess deaths)
> Excess deaths excluding confirmed COVID-19 deaths, Mar. 1 to May 9: 275 — 19th most (16.8% of excess deaths)
> Testing rate as of May 18: 2,748 per 100,000 residents — 16th fewest
> Positive test rate as of May 18: 15.4% — 10th highest
> Population density: 183.7 persons per square mile — 15th most

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Iowa
> Total excess deaths, Mar. 1 to May 9: 188 — 14th fewest (3.1% more than expected)
> Confirmed COVID-19 deaths, Mar. 1 to May 9: 252 — 20th fewest (134.0% of excess deaths)
> Excess deaths excluding confirmed COVID-19 deaths, Mar. 1 to May 9: none
> Testing rate as of May 18: 3,268 per 100,000 residents — 25th most
> Positive test rate as of May 18: 14.5% — 13th highest
> Population density: 56.1 persons per square mile — 15th fewest

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