The U.S. population growth rate hit its lowest level since the Great Depression, according to the 2020 U.S. Census. Over the past decade, the Great Recession and COVID-19 pandemic slowed immigration as well as caused many Americans to hold off on having kids.
Population growth did not stagnate everywhere in the U.S., however. In fact, in nearly every state at least one major metro area reported a faster population growth rate from 2010 to 2020 than the comparable national rate of 6.7%.
To determine the fastest growing city in each state, 24/7 Wall St. reviewed population data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s Population and Housing Estimates Program. Metropolitan areas were ranked based on total population change from 2010 to 2020.
While all but one state had at least one major metro area with a growing population over the past decade, the states with the biggest booming metro areas were primarily concentrated in the South and the West.
Still, there were 11 states where not a single metro area reported population growth even on par with the U.S. rate. Population growth in these cities was slower than the U.S. rate. Eight of those states were in the Northeast.
The fastest growing city in New York is the Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown metro area. Its population grew by 1.2% from 2010 to 2020 to 678,527 residents. During that same time, the population of New York decreased by 0.2%, and the U.S. population increased by 6.7%.
Economic opportunity often drives population changes, and most of the fastest growing cities in each state have relatively high incomes compared to the state as a whole. The Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown metro area has a median annual household income of $85,152, well above New York’s median of $72,108.
To determine the fastest growing city in each state, 24/7 Wall St. reviewed population data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s Population and Housing Estimates Program. Metropolitan areas were ranked based on total population change from 2010 to 2020. Data on the components of population growth — births, deaths, international and domestic migration — also came from the PEP program. Supplemental data on employment used to calculate employment growth from 2010 to 2020 came from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Seasonally adjusted data on the May 2021 unemployment rate also came from the BLS. Data on median household income came from the Census Bureau’s 2019 American Community Survey and are one-year estimates. This is the fastest growing city in each state.
|State||MSA||Total population change, 2010 to 2020 (%)||Total population, 2020||State population change, 2010 to 2020 (%)|
|Iowa||Des Moines-West Des Moines||16.7||707,915||3.8|
|New Mexico||Las Cruces||5.8||221,262||2.3|
|South Carolina||Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach||36.6||514,488||12.8|
|South Dakota||Sioux Falls||19.8||273,566||9.6|