Under the law, the growers were able to borrow $864 million, according to a report at Reuters. Because the price of sugar has fallen below the floor established by Congress, the federal government must accept the sugar as payment for the loans. The sugar would then be sold to ethanol makers, presumably at some discount.
The program was established to guarantee sugar growers a minimum price. By accepting the sugar in lieu of cash for the loans, the government figures that sugar prices will rise.
The federal government, and U.S. taxpayers, will lose the cash that was lent to the growers, and the price the government and the taxpayers will realize for the sugar likely will be lower than the price the government is forced by law to pay. But that is the price we pay for having a very persuasive sugar lobby.
The White House budget office is supposed to rule on the USDA’s proposal within 90 days, but that is more of a guideline than a deadline.