Special Report

10 States Burning the Most Coal

3. Ohio
> 2014 coal electricity generation:
90,163 GWh
> 2014 total electricity generation:134,602 GWh
> Coal as pct. total electricity generation: 67.0%
> Natural Gas as pct. electricity generation: 17.6%

Ohio is one of the largest generators of coal-based electricity in the country, with more than 90,000 GWh produced in 2014, which accounted for approximately 6% of all the electricity generated by coal in the country. Still, like the country as a whole, Ohio began to shift its reliance on coal in favor of natural gas. In 2003, 91.9% of the state’s electricity came from coal, while just 1.2% was derived from natural gas. Last year, 67% of the state’s energy came from coal, while 17.6% of the state’s energy generation was generated by natural gas. While Ohio has substantial coal mines, representing approximately 2% of the country’s total proved coal reserves, it imports approximately half of all the coal it uses, primarily from West Virginia.

2. Indiana
> 2014 coal electricity generation:
97,729 GWh
> 2014 total electricity generation:115,634 GWh
> Coal as pct. total electricity generation: 84.5%
> Natural Gas as pct. electricity generation: 8.3%

One of the nation’s top coal producers, about two-thirds of the coal mined in Indiana never leaves the state. Contributing to nearly 85% of the state’s total energy, coal is disproportionately represented in Indiana’s the energy mix. In 2014, the state consumed 48.9 million tons of coal, producing a total 97.7 million MwH. As in many other states, the consumption of natural gas is on the rise in Indiana. While natural gas produced only 1.9% of the state’s energy in 2004, a decade later, more than 8% of electricity in Indiana was generated by natural gas. Texas is the only state that consumes more coal than Indiana.

1. Texas
> 2014 coal electricity generation:
148,174 GWh
> 2014 total electricity generation:437,236 GWh
> Coal as pct. total electricity generation: 33.9%
> Natural Gas as pct. electricity generation: 46.8%

The second largest state in the country, both by population and land area, Texas leads the nation in both energy production and energy consumption. In 2014, Texas consumed 102.7 million tons of coal, producing a total of 148.2 million MwH. Even though Texas generates more electricity from coal than any other state, coal is not the largest contributor to the state’s energy production. Nearly 47% of energy in Texas was generated by natural gas. Coal accounted for about 34% of the state’s energy mix. In order to meet the high energy demand across the state, Texas is also at the forefront of one renewable energy source. Last year, the state generated 37,400 GWh from wind, more than any other state in the country.