Women in the United States earn around 20% less than men. Even when controlling for observable factors such as experience, education level, age and job title, the gender pay gap stubbornly remains.
This is the conclusion of a report just released by job review company Glassdoor. According to the study, women of the same age, with the same education and years of experience, still earn barely over four-fifths of what their male peers earn. When controlling for industry, year, company and occupation, the gap shrinks to 5.4%.
According to Andrew Chamberlain, chief economist at Glassdoor, people have “a common misperception that if you compare apples to apples you see no pay gap, and that’s just not true.”
Occupation is among the largest factors in the gender pay gap. 24/7 Wall St. reviewed female weekly earnings as a percentage of male weekly earnings in full-time wage and salary jobs using data from the Bureau of Labor statistics (BLS). The 20 jobs with the least pay equity between men and women range from compliance officers, a job in which the typical woman earns 74.5% of male earnings, to securities, commodities and financial services sales agents, a job in which women earn 52.5% of what men are paid in the same job.
Many of the nation’s highest-paying jobs are in male-dominated fields, which partially explains the pay gap at the national level. Workers in four of the 10 highest paying full-time jobs are comprised of one-third or fewer women. Women make up a majority of workers in only two of these 10 jobs. “Men tend to sort into certain fields and women tend to sort into other fields and they don’t pay the same,” Chamberlain said.
Further, in many of these high-paying, male-dominated jobs, women are paid the least equitably. Women working in the four jobs with the widest pay gaps — financial services sales agents, personal financial advisors, advertising sales agents and financial managers — are typically paid at best two-thirds what their male peers earn.
Many high-paying jobs exist in an extremely competitive, winner-take-all environment. Chamberlain explained that since these high-level positions often do not have a lot of flexibility, women who have any home responsibilities are more likely to opt out of the cutthroat environment.
Pay equity may also be less likely when men dominate the management structure. “[W]hen there is more of a gender balance in a profession, you might have more of a balance among the gatekeepers who determine pay,” Chamberlain suggested.
Wages have grown considerably over the past 10 years. In many cases, however, the size of these increases depends a great deal on whether you are a man or a woman. In six of the 20 least equitable jobs for women, wages for female employees actually grew faster than male earnings. Even with the shrinking gap, these jobs remain on this list. In another seven of these occupations, the gap widened, with male earnings growing faster than female wages. The change from 2006 could not be determined for the remaining seven jobs as 2006 salaries for these occupations are unavailable.
To identify the 20 worst paying jobs for women, 24/7 Wall St. reviewed median female weekly earnings as a percentage of median male earnings among full-time wage and salary workers in the United States. All data obtained from the BLS are for 2015. We also considered job characteristics in 2006, also from the BLS.
These are the 20 worst paying jobs for women.