15. Osaka, Japan
> Population: 2.7 million
> Land area: 86.9 square miles
> People per square mile: 30,978.4
Osaka is known as “the nation’s kitchen” in Japan. This moniker came from the fact that it served as a major rice trading center prior to World War II. Now, Osaka has a reputation for being the cuisine capital of Japan. It even has a word — kuidaore — for eating oneself into bankruptcy. Osaka is one of many large and crowded cities in Japan, as 91.6% of the country lives in urban areas.
14. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
> Population: 1.1 million
> Land area: 35.1 square miles
> People per square mile: 32,056.3
After Christopher Columbus sailed from Spain to the Americas, he landed in Santo Domingo in 1492. It is the oldest permanent city in the Western Hemisphere that was founded by Europeans. Now under Dominican control, Santo Domingo has continued to flourish as the most important industrial and financial city in the Dominican Republic. Santo Domingo’s dense population is supported by hydroelectric dams that provide inexpensive power to residents.
13. Tangerang, Indonesia
> Population: 2.1 million
> Land area: 59.5 square miles
> People per square mile: 35,988.9
The population of the Tangerang, Indonesia urban area has more than doubled in the past 25 years, making it one of the fastest growing population centers in the country. The 2.1 million area residents live in less than 60 square miles, meaning there are close to 36,000 people per square mile. Tangerang is one of Indonesia’s largest industrial centers.
12. Tokyo, Japan
> Population: 9.3 million
> Land area: 242.1 square miles
> People per square mile: 38,303.5
Tokyo is Japan’s largest and most populous city, and has been for centuries. Tokyo is home to the country’s Imperial Palace, premier shopping districts, and more Michelin Star restaurants than anywhere else in the world. Tokyo has many options for entertainment, shopping and dining, attracting millions of residents. More than 37 million people live in the Tokyo urban area, nearly one third of Japan’s total urban population.
11. Bandung, Indonesia
> Population: 2.5 million
> Land area: 64.9 square miles
> People per square mile: 38,509.7
The culture in Bandung tends to vary from other areas of Indonesia, as the population is largely made up of Sundanese people, whose customs, language, and faith tend to differ from those of the Javanese people who make up a large portion of Indonesia’s population. Possibly because of its mild climate and impressive scenery, one of Bandung’s largest economic areas is tourism. Residents also work in rubber, pharmaceutical, and textile production. Though Bandung is growing, its urban area makes up a lower share of Indonesia’s population at 1.9%, than it did 20 years ago when some 3.0% of Indonesian people lived in the Bandung area.
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