Special Report

Countries That Control the World’s Gold

Michael B. Sauter

Source: DouglasOlivares / Getty Images

25. Venezuela
> Gold reserves as of January 2020: 161.2 tonnes
> Gold reserves in USD as of January 2020: $8.1 billion
> Gold as % of total foreign exchange reserves: 81.0%
> GDP: $271 billion ($9,402 per capita)
> Population: 28.9 million

Source: Leonid Andronov / Getty Images

24. Algeria
> Gold reserves as of January 2020: 173.6 tonnes
> Gold reserves in USD as of January 2020: $8.7 billion
> Gold as % of total foreign exchange reserves: 11.6%
> GDP: $580 billion ($13,737 per capita)
> Population: 42.2 million

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23. Philippines
> Gold reserves as of January 2020: 197.9 tonnes
> Gold reserves in USD as of January 2020: $9.9 billion
> Gold as % of total foreign exchange reserves: 11.2%
> GDP: $847 billion ($7,943 per capita)
> Population: 106.7 million

Source: orpheus26 / Getty Images

22. Belgium
> Gold reserves as of January 2020: 227.4 tonnes
> Gold reserves in USD as of January 2020: $11.4 billion
> Gold as % of total foreign exchange reserves: 39.5%
> GDP: $498 billion ($43,582 per capita)
> Population: 11.4 million

Source: Xantana / Getty Images

21. Poland
> Gold reserves as of January 2020: 228.6 tonnes
> Gold reserves in USD as of January 2020: $11.5 billion
> Gold as % of total foreign exchange reserves: 9.3%
> GDP: $1.1 trillion ($28,786 per capita)
> Population: 38.0 million