Special Report

How Federal Funding Failed to Match Each State's COVID Outbreak

Thomas C. Frohlich

Methodology:

To determine federal funding to states per COVID-19 case, 24/7 Wall St. reviewed data on the allocation of funding from the Coronavirus Preparedness and Response Supplemental Appropriations Act, the Families First Coronavirus Response Act, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act, and the Paycheck Protection program and Health Care Enhancement Act, as well as COVID-19 case counts from state and local health departments. The programs we looked at include:

> Direct aid paid to state, local, and tribal governments through the Coronavirus Relief Fund of the CARES Act
> The value of all Paycheck Protection Program loans approved for small businesses as of May 16, 2020 through the CARES Act
> The value of all Economic Impact Payment payments paid to individuals as of May 8, 2020 through the CARES Act
> The value of initial Public Health and Social Services Emergency Fund payments to health care providers through CARES Act
> The value of COVID-19 High Impact Allocation payments to hospitals through the Provider Relief Fund of the CARES Act
> Direct payments to states for UI emergency funding through Families First Coronavirus Response Act
> Estimated direct payments to states through the Governor’s Emergency Education Relief Fund of the CARES Act
> Estimated direct payments to states through the Elementary and Secondary School Emergency Relief Fund of the CARES Act
> Estimated direct payments to states through IHE grants through the Higher Education Emergency Relief Fund of the CARES Act
> FEMA disaster relief allocations as of Mar. 31, 2020
> FTA Transit Infrastructure Grant allocations through CARES Act
> Payments to airports made as of Apr. 15, 2020 through the Airport Improvement Program through the CARES Act
> Direct payments made to state and local governments as of Apr. 17, 2020 through HUD Community Development Block Grants through the CARES Act
> Direct payments allocated to state and local governments as of Apr. 17, 2020 through HUD Emergency Solutions Grants through the CARES Act
> Direct payments allocated to state and tribal governments as of Apr. 15, 2020 through HHS Child Care & Development Block Grants through CARES Act
> Direct payments made to state, local, and tribal governments for COVID-19 testing through Coronavirus Preparedness and Response Supplemental Appropriations Act
> Direct payments made to state, local, and tribal governments for COVID-19 testing through the CARES Act
> Direct payments made to state, local, and tribal governments for COVID-19 testing through Payment Protection Program and Health Care Enhancement Act

Data on COVID-19 case and death counts was collected from state and local health departments by 24/7 Wall St. and is current as of May 19, 2020.