To determine how COVID-19 has disproportionately been affecting minority communities, 24/7 Wall St. analyzed data on COVID-19 infections and deaths by race and ethnicity. We identified the most affected race and ethnicity in every state by comparing each group’s share of total COVID-19 deaths in the state with its share of the state total population and finding the highest death-to-population ratio of any racial identity. Only races that make up at least 1% of the population were compared.
Data on COVID-19 infections and deaths by state came from The COVID Tracking Project at The Atlantic magazine and are current as of July 12, 2020. The number of COVID-19 deaths by race were calculated as a percentage of all reported COVID-19 deaths with known race. Data on population by race came from the U.S. Census Bureau’s 2018 American Community Survey and are five-year estimates for 2018. Supplemental data on income and poverty also came from the 2018 ACS. County-level COVID-19 data came from various state and local health departments and are current as of July 15, 2020.
There are other important risk factors for COVID-19 mortality that vary by race and Hispanic origin that are not accounted for, such as age. The age distribution of the population and of COVID-19 deaths may vary between race and Hispanic origin groups.