What are the most dangerous pre-existing conditions for DOVID-19 patients?
In a new study published in the Journal of the American Heart Association (JAHA), the Gerald J. and Dorothy R. Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University did a statistical analysis of COVID-19 hospital patients. Medical.net summarized the conclusions: The greatest risks to those affected with COVID-19 are “obesity, hypertension, diabetes, and heart failure, in that order.”
The prevalence of obesity
Unfortunately, a large percentage of the U.S. population is obese. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), among adults, “The prevalence of obesity was 42.4% in 2017~2018.” That number has been rising for decades. This is the most obese city in America.
Hypertension is a major health concern
Hypertension — high blood pressure — has become a significant problem among the American population. According to the CDC, it was a primary or contributing cause of death for more than 494,873 people in the United States in 2018. Based on one widely used definition of hypertension, it affects as many as half of America’s adults.
Diabetes is common particularly among older Americans
According to The National Diabetes Statistics Report, 2020, over 34 million Americans have diabetes. Just as alarming, 88 million Americans have pre-diabetes, which is characterized in part by higher than normal blood sugar.
Heart failure is another major problem
About 6.2 million adults in the U.S. currently suffer from some form of heart failure, according to the CDC, and in 2018, it claimed some 379,800 Americans. The aforementioned conditions — obesity, hypertension, and diabetes — can all contribute to heart disease, as can smoking, excessive alcohol intake, poor diet, and lack of physical activity.
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