> Population Growth 2011-2050: 71 million
> 2011 Population: 34.5 million (39th largest)
> Pct. Increase: +206% (3rd greatest)
> Pct. of Population < 15: 48% (3rd greatest)
> GDP per Capita: $1,283
Uganda’s population is set to triple over the next 40 years. Compared to other countries, it is the third biggest increase as a percent of the population. By 2050, a nation that is one fortieth the size of the U.S. will add the equivalent of one fourth of the U.S. population. The country has the 31st highest death rate in the world. As a counterbalance, it has the second highest birth rate in the world. The average Ugandan woman has 6.4 children. The country is already experiencing extreme poverty and disease, and tripling the population in the next four decades could be disastrous. Uganda currently has the tenth highest rate of AIDS contraction in the world, and is already experiencing shortages of clean water and land for farming.
> Population Growth 2011-2050: 71 million
> 2011 Population: 238.4 million (4th largest)
> Pct. Increase: +30% (106th greatest)
> Pct. of Population < 15: 28% (105th greatest)
> GDP per Capita: $4,651
While the island nation has the fourth largest population in the world, after the China, India, and the U.S, it is fairly small, covering slightly less land than the state of Texas. The southeast Asian country is projected to increase in population by 30% in the next three years. Despite the fact that it will be adding more than 70 million people, the country is expected to drop to sixth in overall population. According to Indonesian Statistics Association chairman, Khairil Anwar Notodiputro, Indonesia was on the brink of a serious crisis if its population growth wasn’t held in check.
> Population Growth 2011-2050: 76 million
> 2011 Population: 150.7 million (9th largest)
> Pct. Increase: +50% (72nd greatest)
> Pct. of Population < 15: 31% (89th greatest)
> GDP per Capita: $1,666
The country’s overwhelming population density of just over 1,000 people per square kilometer is the seventh highest concentration of people in the world – Bangladesh has the eighth largest population in the world, but barely ranks in the top 100 for land mass. The six that beat Bangladesh for population density are all relatively small protectorates and city-nations, like Macao, Singapore, and Bahrain. Already straining to fit its 76 million people, Bangladesh’s urban slums are some of the poorest in the world. It’s capital city, Dhaka, has a population of 15 million, nearly double the size of New York City. That population is expected to hit 20 million by 2025. Unsafe drinking water and poor sanitation are just some of the issues the country already faces. Those will likely only get worse as the population continues to grow.
7. Democratic Republic of Congo
> Population Growth 2011-2050: 81 million
> 2011 Population: 67.8 million (21st largest)
> Pct. Increase: +119% (33rd greatest)
> Pct. of Population < 15: 46% (7th greatest)
> GDP per Capita: $343
The Democratic Republic of Congo is arguably the poorest country in the world. The U.S. GDP per capita is $48,665. In the DAR, that number is an unbelievable $343. That number will likely only continue to decline as the central African nation adds a projected 81 million people, more than doubling in size by 2050. Ravaged by war and disease, the country has the highest number of deaths per capita each year. Nearly half of its population is under the age of fifteen, compared to just 20% in the United States. The average life expectancy in the country is 50 for women and 47 for men.
> Population Growth 2011-2050: 87 million
> 2011 Population: 87.1 million (15th largest)
> Pct. Increase: +100% (47th greatest)
> Pct. of Population < 15: 44% (19th greatest)
> GDP per Capita: $1,089
Ethiopia’s population is set to double by 2050, moving it from the 15th most populous country in the world to the ninth. Part of the reason for this is the country’s low rate of contraceptive usage. Just 15% of women aged 15-49 report using birth control, compared to nearly 80% in the United States. 78% of the population lives on less than $2 per day, and GDP per capita is just over $1,000. Life expectancy at birth is an average of 56 years. That is more than 20 years less than the average American. Ethiopia is already struggling to feed its current population. Adding more than 20 million people will not make matters easier.
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